Compact Josephson φ-junctions

S. V. Bakurskiy, N. V. Klenov*, I. I. Soloviev, Anatolie Sidorenko, M. Yu Kupriyanov, A. A. Golubov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter is devoted to the study of controllable proximity effects in superconductors (S), in terms of both fundamental aspects and applications. As a part of the work, theoretical description was suggested for a number of structures with superconducting electrodes and multiple interlayers with new physics related to the proximity effect and nanoscale φ-junctions. They are Josephson structures with the phase of the ground state φg, 0 < φg < π φ-junctions can be created on the basis of longitudinally oriented normal metal (N) and ferromagnetics (F) layers between superconducting electrodes. Under certain conditions, the amplitude of the first harmonic in the current-phase relation (CPR) is relatively small due to F layer. The coupling across N layer provides negative sign of the second harmonic. To derive quantitative criteria for realization of a φ-junction, we have solved two-dimensional boundary-value problem in the frame of Usadel equations for overlap and ramp geometries of different structures with NF bilayer. This chapter is focused on different geometries of nanoscale φ-structures of the size much less than Josephson penetration depth λJ. At the same time, φ-state cannot be realized in conventional SNS and SFS sandwiches. Proximity effect between N and F layers limits minimal possible size of φ-junction. In the case of smaller junctions, NF bilayer becomes almost homogeneous, φ-state is prohibited, and junction exists in 0- or π-state. The conditions for realization of φ-junctions in ramp-type S–NF–S, overlap-type SFN–FN–NFS, and RTO-type SN–FN–NS geometries are discussed in the chapter. It is shown that RTO-type SN–FN–NS geometry is most suitable for practical realization. It is also shown in this chapter that the parameter range of φ-state existence can be sufficiently broadened. It allows to realize Josephson φ-junctions using up-to-date technology. By varying the temperature, we can slightly shift the region of 0-π transition and, consequently, we can control the mentioned phase of the ground state. Furthermore, sensitivity of the ground state to an electron distribution function permits applications of φ-junctions as small-scale self-biasing single-photon detectors. Moreover, these junctions are controllable and have degenerate ground states +φ and −φ, providing necessary condition for the so-called silent quantum bits.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures
EditorsAnatolie Sidorenko
PublisherSpringer
Pages49-71
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-90481-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-90480-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Publication series

NameNanoScience and Technology
ISSN (Print)1434-4904

Fingerprint

F region
Josephson junctions
Ground state
Geometry
Electrodes
ground state
Superconducting materials
Boundary value problems
geometry
ramps
Distribution functions
Photons
Physics
Metals
Detectors
harmonics
Electrons
electrodes
electron distribution
boundary value problems

Keywords

  • Current-phase relation (CPR)
  • Josephson junction
  • Josephson memory
  • Magnetism
  • Superconductivity
  • Φ-junction

Cite this

Bakurskiy, S. V., Klenov, N. V., Soloviev, I. I., Sidorenko, A., Kupriyanov, M. Y., & Golubov, A. A. (2018). Compact Josephson φ-junctions. In A. Sidorenko (Ed.), Functional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics: From Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures (pp. 49-71). (NanoScience and Technology). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90481-8_3
Bakurskiy, S. V. ; Klenov, N. V. ; Soloviev, I. I. ; Sidorenko, Anatolie ; Kupriyanov, M. Yu ; Golubov, A. A. / Compact Josephson φ-junctions. Functional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics: From Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures. editor / Anatolie Sidorenko. Springer, 2018. pp. 49-71 (NanoScience and Technology).
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author = "Bakurskiy, {S. V.} and Klenov, {N. V.} and Soloviev, {I. I.} and Anatolie Sidorenko and Kupriyanov, {M. Yu} and Golubov, {A. A.}",
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Bakurskiy, SV, Klenov, NV, Soloviev, II, Sidorenko, A, Kupriyanov, MY & Golubov, AA 2018, Compact Josephson φ-junctions. in A Sidorenko (ed.), Functional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics: From Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures. NanoScience and Technology, Springer, pp. 49-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90481-8_3

Compact Josephson φ-junctions. / Bakurskiy, S. V.; Klenov, N. V.; Soloviev, I. I.; Sidorenko, Anatolie; Kupriyanov, M. Yu; Golubov, A. A.

Functional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics: From Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures. ed. / Anatolie Sidorenko. Springer, 2018. p. 49-71 (NanoScience and Technology).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AB - This chapter is devoted to the study of controllable proximity effects in superconductors (S), in terms of both fundamental aspects and applications. As a part of the work, theoretical description was suggested for a number of structures with superconducting electrodes and multiple interlayers with new physics related to the proximity effect and nanoscale φ-junctions. They are Josephson structures with the phase of the ground state φg, 0 < φg < π φ-junctions can be created on the basis of longitudinally oriented normal metal (N) and ferromagnetics (F) layers between superconducting electrodes. Under certain conditions, the amplitude of the first harmonic in the current-phase relation (CPR) is relatively small due to F layer. The coupling across N layer provides negative sign of the second harmonic. To derive quantitative criteria for realization of a φ-junction, we have solved two-dimensional boundary-value problem in the frame of Usadel equations for overlap and ramp geometries of different structures with NF bilayer. This chapter is focused on different geometries of nanoscale φ-structures of the size much less than Josephson penetration depth λJ. At the same time, φ-state cannot be realized in conventional SNS and SFS sandwiches. Proximity effect between N and F layers limits minimal possible size of φ-junction. In the case of smaller junctions, NF bilayer becomes almost homogeneous, φ-state is prohibited, and junction exists in 0- or π-state. The conditions for realization of φ-junctions in ramp-type S–NF–S, overlap-type SFN–FN–NFS, and RTO-type SN–FN–NS geometries are discussed in the chapter. It is shown that RTO-type SN–FN–NS geometry is most suitable for practical realization. It is also shown in this chapter that the parameter range of φ-state existence can be sufficiently broadened. It allows to realize Josephson φ-junctions using up-to-date technology. By varying the temperature, we can slightly shift the region of 0-π transition and, consequently, we can control the mentioned phase of the ground state. Furthermore, sensitivity of the ground state to an electron distribution function permits applications of φ-junctions as small-scale self-biasing single-photon detectors. Moreover, these junctions are controllable and have degenerate ground states +φ and −φ, providing necessary condition for the so-called silent quantum bits.

KW - Current-phase relation (CPR)

KW - Josephson junction

KW - Josephson memory

KW - Magnetism

KW - Superconductivity

KW - Φ-junction

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Bakurskiy SV, Klenov NV, Soloviev II, Sidorenko A, Kupriyanov MY, Golubov AA. Compact Josephson φ-junctions. In Sidorenko A, editor, Functional Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Superconducting Spintronics: From Superconducting Qubits to Self-Organized Nanostructures. Springer. 2018. p. 49-71. (NanoScience and Technology). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90481-8_3