Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model

F.N. Claessen, B. Claessens, M.P.F. Hommelberg, Albert Molderink, Vincent Bakker, Hermen Toersche, M.A. van den Broek

  • 10 Citations

Abstract

Various smart grid control systems have been developed with different architectures. Comparison helps developers identify their strong and weak points. A three-step analysis method is proposed to facilitate the comparison of independently developed control systems. In the first step, a microgrid model is created describing demand and supply patterns of controllable and non-controllable devices (Flex Street). In the second step, a version of Flex Street is used to design a case, with a given control objective and key performance indicators. In the last step, simulations of different control systems are performed and their results are analysed and compared. The Flex Street model describes a diverse set of households based on realistic data. Furthermore, its bottom-up modelling approach makes it a flexible tool for designing cases. Currently, three cases with peak-shaving objectives are developed based on scenarios of the Dutch residential sector, specifying various penetration rates of renewable and controllable devices. The proposed method is demonstrated by comparing IntelliGator and TRIANA, two independently developed control systems, on peak reduction, energy efficiency, savings and abated emissions. Results show that IntelliGator-a real-time approach-is proficient in reducing peak demand, while TRIANA-a planning approach-also levels intermediate demand. Both systems yield benefits (€5–54 per household per year) through reduced transport losses and network investments in the distribution network.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)260-270
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable energy
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

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Control systems
Electric power distribution
Energy efficiency
Planning

Keywords

  • IntelliGator
  • Control system
  • Flex Street
  • IR-90570
  • METIS-304082
  • Comparison method
  • EWI-24690
  • TRIANA
  • Smart Grid

Cite this

Claessen, F. N., Claessens, B., Hommelberg, M. P. F., Molderink, A., Bakker, V., Toersche, H., & van den Broek, M. A. (2014). Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model. Renewable energy, 69, 260-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.037

Claessen, F.N.; Claessens, B.; Hommelberg, M.P.F.; Molderink, Albert; Bakker, Vincent; Toersche, Hermen; van den Broek, M.A. / Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model.

In: Renewable energy, Vol. 69, 09.2014, p. 260-270.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

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Claessen, FN, Claessens, B, Hommelberg, MPF, Molderink, A, Bakker, V, Toersche, H & van den Broek, MA 2014, 'Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model' Renewable energy, vol 69, pp. 260-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.037

Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model. / Claessen, F.N.; Claessens, B.; Hommelberg, M.P.F.; Molderink, Albert; Bakker, Vincent; Toersche, Hermen; van den Broek, M.A.

In: Renewable energy, Vol. 69, 09.2014, p. 260-270.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model

AU - Claessen,F.N.

AU - Claessens,B.

AU - Hommelberg,M.P.F.

AU - Molderink,Albert

AU - Bakker,Vincent

AU - Toersche,Hermen

AU - van den Broek,M.A.

N1 - eemcs-eprint-24690

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Various smart grid control systems have been developed with different architectures. Comparison helps developers identify their strong and weak points. A three-step analysis method is proposed to facilitate the comparison of independently developed control systems. In the first step, a microgrid model is created describing demand and supply patterns of controllable and non-controllable devices (Flex Street). In the second step, a version of Flex Street is used to design a case, with a given control objective and key performance indicators. In the last step, simulations of different control systems are performed and their results are analysed and compared. The Flex Street model describes a diverse set of households based on realistic data. Furthermore, its bottom-up modelling approach makes it a flexible tool for designing cases. Currently, three cases with peak-shaving objectives are developed based on scenarios of the Dutch residential sector, specifying various penetration rates of renewable and controllable devices. The proposed method is demonstrated by comparing IntelliGator and TRIANA, two independently developed control systems, on peak reduction, energy efficiency, savings and abated emissions. Results show that IntelliGator-a real-time approach-is proficient in reducing peak demand, while TRIANA-a planning approach-also levels intermediate demand. Both systems yield benefits (€5–54 per household per year) through reduced transport losses and network investments in the distribution network.

AB - Various smart grid control systems have been developed with different architectures. Comparison helps developers identify their strong and weak points. A three-step analysis method is proposed to facilitate the comparison of independently developed control systems. In the first step, a microgrid model is created describing demand and supply patterns of controllable and non-controllable devices (Flex Street). In the second step, a version of Flex Street is used to design a case, with a given control objective and key performance indicators. In the last step, simulations of different control systems are performed and their results are analysed and compared. The Flex Street model describes a diverse set of households based on realistic data. Furthermore, its bottom-up modelling approach makes it a flexible tool for designing cases. Currently, three cases with peak-shaving objectives are developed based on scenarios of the Dutch residential sector, specifying various penetration rates of renewable and controllable devices. The proposed method is demonstrated by comparing IntelliGator and TRIANA, two independently developed control systems, on peak reduction, energy efficiency, savings and abated emissions. Results show that IntelliGator-a real-time approach-is proficient in reducing peak demand, while TRIANA-a planning approach-also levels intermediate demand. Both systems yield benefits (€5–54 per household per year) through reduced transport losses and network investments in the distribution network.

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KW - METIS-304082

KW - Comparison method

KW - EWI-24690

KW - TRIANA

KW - Smart Grid

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DO - 10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.037

M3 - Article

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JO - Renewable energy

T2 - Renewable energy

JF - Renewable energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -

Claessen FN, Claessens B, Hommelberg MPF, Molderink A, Bakker V, Toersche H et al. Comparative analysis of tertiary control systems for smart grids using the Flex Street model. Renewable energy. 2014 Sep;69:260-270. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.037