Comparative assessment of hydrocarbon separation performance of bulky poly(urethane-urea)s toward rubbery membranes

Afsaneh Fakhar, Morteza Sadeghi*, Mohammad Dinari, Rob Lammertink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In the present study, two seriess of poly (urethane urea)s (PUUs) membranes containing aromatic and aliphatic side chains with different sizes were used for separation of higher hydrocarbons from methane. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetery (DSC), fractional free volume (FFV) estimation, and gas permeation measurements (CH4, C2H6, C3H8) were done to characterize the membranes. Bulkier or longer side chains in aromatic and aliphatic substituted PUUs provided enhanced phase separation, lower glass transition temperature and higher gas permeability. Fractional free volume (FFV) as a significant factor controlling gas separation had a reverse trend in both series by increasing the size of side chains. The main findings confirmed the capability of higher phase separated PUUs for hydrocarbon separation. The highest permeability and selectivity was obtained by the longest side chain based PUU with propane permeability of 186 barrer and propane/methane selectivity of 6.51.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104356
JournalJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
Volume98
Early online date27 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Aliphatic side chains
  • Aromatic side chains
  • Hydrocarbon separation
  • Phase separation
  • Polyurethane membranes

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