Comparing a playful interactive product to watching television an exploratory study for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities

Petri J.C.M. Embregts (Corresponding Author), Wietske M.W.J. van Oorsouw, Sophie C. Wintels, Robby W. van Delden, Vanessa Evers, Dennis Reidsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: New technologies could broaden activities for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). This study compared watching television with a newly-developed interactive ball.

Method: The ball responded with sounds, lights, and wiggling to the player’s voice and movements. Five control sessions (watching television) were compared to five experimental sessions (interactive ball). Observations were evaluated with 10s-partial-interval recording focussed on indicators of alertness and affect, yielding 900 measurements/participant. Data were analysed with Nonoverlap-of-All-Pairs analyses and visual inspection.

Results: Four out of nine participants responded positively to the ball regarding alertness. Three of them also showed positive changes regarding affective behaviour. For three participants, responses were comparable to television sessions. Finally, responses of two participants appeared difficult to observe.

Conclusions: Responses to the ball varied widely, which fits the heterogeneous character of the targetgroup. Results are reasonably encouraging when it comes to the development and implications of interactive technologies for people with PIMD.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 21 Mar 2019

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multiple disabilities
Television
Intellectual Disability
television
Technology
recording
Light
new technology

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • intellectual disability
  • interactive activity
  • leisure
  • quality of life
  • Technology
  • alertness

Cite this

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title = "Comparing a playful interactive product to watching television an exploratory study for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities",
abstract = "Background: New technologies could broaden activities for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). This study compared watching television with a newly-developed interactive ball. Method: The ball responded with sounds, lights, and wiggling to the player’s voice and movements. Five control sessions (watching television) were compared to five experimental sessions (interactive ball). Observations were evaluated with 10s-partial-interval recording focussed on indicators of alertness and affect, yielding 900 measurements/participant. Data were analysed with Nonoverlap-of-All-Pairs analyses and visual inspection. Results: Four out of nine participants responded positively to the ball regarding alertness. Three of them also showed positive changes regarding affective behaviour. For three participants, responses were comparable to television sessions. Finally, responses of two participants appeared difficult to observe. Conclusions: Responses to the ball varied widely, which fits the heterogeneous character of the targetgroup. Results are reasonably encouraging when it comes to the development and implications of interactive technologies for people with PIMD.",
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doi = "10.3109/13668250.2018.1537846",
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Comparing a playful interactive product to watching television an exploratory study for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities. / Embregts, Petri J.C.M. (Corresponding Author); van Oorsouw, Wietske M.W.J.; Wintels, Sophie C.; van Delden, Robby W.; Evers, Vanessa; Reidsma, Dennis.

In: Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 21.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing a playful interactive product to watching television an exploratory study for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities

AU - Embregts, Petri J.C.M.

AU - van Oorsouw, Wietske M.W.J.

AU - Wintels, Sophie C.

AU - van Delden, Robby W.

AU - Evers, Vanessa

AU - Reidsma, Dennis

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N2 - Background: New technologies could broaden activities for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). This study compared watching television with a newly-developed interactive ball. Method: The ball responded with sounds, lights, and wiggling to the player’s voice and movements. Five control sessions (watching television) were compared to five experimental sessions (interactive ball). Observations were evaluated with 10s-partial-interval recording focussed on indicators of alertness and affect, yielding 900 measurements/participant. Data were analysed with Nonoverlap-of-All-Pairs analyses and visual inspection. Results: Four out of nine participants responded positively to the ball regarding alertness. Three of them also showed positive changes regarding affective behaviour. For three participants, responses were comparable to television sessions. Finally, responses of two participants appeared difficult to observe. Conclusions: Responses to the ball varied widely, which fits the heterogeneous character of the targetgroup. Results are reasonably encouraging when it comes to the development and implications of interactive technologies for people with PIMD.

AB - Background: New technologies could broaden activities for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). This study compared watching television with a newly-developed interactive ball. Method: The ball responded with sounds, lights, and wiggling to the player’s voice and movements. Five control sessions (watching television) were compared to five experimental sessions (interactive ball). Observations were evaluated with 10s-partial-interval recording focussed on indicators of alertness and affect, yielding 900 measurements/participant. Data were analysed with Nonoverlap-of-All-Pairs analyses and visual inspection. Results: Four out of nine participants responded positively to the ball regarding alertness. Three of them also showed positive changes regarding affective behaviour. For three participants, responses were comparable to television sessions. Finally, responses of two participants appeared difficult to observe. Conclusions: Responses to the ball varied widely, which fits the heterogeneous character of the targetgroup. Results are reasonably encouraging when it comes to the development and implications of interactive technologies for people with PIMD.

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