This paper evaluates the performances of channel emulation algorithms in the multiprobe anechoic chamber (MPAC) by using plane wave (PW) and spherical vector wave (SVW) theories. Channel emulation in MPAC enables the over-the-air (OTA) testing of performances of wireless devices under realistic propagation scenarios, through setting excitation voltages of probes and utilizing the polarized radiation patterns, locations, and orientations of probe antennas to emulate desired fields in test zone. Accurate emulation of radio wave propagation in target scenario guarantees that the device under test (DUT) be assessed fairly in the laboratory. Dynamic multipath scenario and orthogonal polarization can be emulated by exciting the multiple probes in such a way that the total fields from probes resemble the target impinging field in the test zone. The excitation voltages can be either calculated by PW or SVW theories. Despite the fact that PW and SVW are mathematically equal in the far field, different treatments on rotation and translation of waves as well as different linear equations used in two methods result in different computed voltages, hence, different emulated fields. The emulation performances of the two methods with different MPAC setups (e.g., test zone size, probe number, probe sphere radius, and probe directivity) are investigated. Both scenarios of the 2-D field emulation with the 2-D probe configuration and the 3-D (or 2.5-D) field emulation with the 3-D probe configuration are discussed, and instructions on how to wisely use the emulation algorithm are provided.
Miao, Y., Fan, W., Takada, J., He, R., Yin, X., Yang, M., ... Gong, Y. (2019). Comparing Channel Emulation Algorithms by Using Plane Waves and Spherical Vector Waves in Multiprobe Anechoic Chamber Setups. IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, 67(6), 4091-4103. . https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2019.2902728