Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements

Roberto Merino-Martínez, Martinus P.J. Sanders, Luciano C. Caldas, Francesco Avallone, Daniele Ragni, Leandro D. de Santana, Mirjam Snellen, Dick G. Simons

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microphone arrays are useful measurement devices for estimating the location and strength of sound sources. Numerous comparative studies have been conducted regarding the performance of acoustic imaging methods in the past, but literature lacks of a systematic investigation on the role of the hardware on the measurements. This research focuses on the performance differences between two 63-microphone arrays: one with digital MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) microphones and the other with analog condenser microphones. Both systems are used on an aeroacoustic experiment performed in an anechoic open-jet wind tunnel featuring two airfoils (NACA 0012 and NACA 0018) equipped with trailing-edge serrations. Whereas both arrays provided similar frequency spectra when analyzing trailing-edge noise emissions (which are in agreement with previous research), the analog array seems to offer source maps of higher quality with a higher dynamic range (lower sidelobe level). Moreover, the results of the digital array featuring trailing-edge serrations show a noise increase at the higher frequencies (4 kHz) with respect to the straight-edge case, which is not expected from the findings of previous experimental research. The results of the analog array do not present such behavior. This manuscript is the result of a collaboration project between the University of Twente (UTwente) and Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
ISBN (Print)978-1-62410-560-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event24th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference 2018 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: 25 Jun 201829 Jun 2018
Conference number: 24

Conference

Conference24th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference 2018
Abbreviated titleAeroacoustics 2018
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period25/06/1829/06/18

Fingerprint

Aeroacoustics
Microphones
Acoustic imaging
Airfoils
Wind tunnels
Acoustic waves
Hardware
Experiments

Cite this

Merino-Martínez, R., Sanders, M. P. J., Caldas, L. C., Avallone, F., Ragni, D., de Santana, L. D., ... Simons, D. G. (2018). Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements. In 2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference [AIAA 2018-2809] American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-2809
Merino-Martínez, Roberto ; Sanders, Martinus P.J. ; Caldas, Luciano C. ; Avallone, Francesco ; Ragni, Daniele ; de Santana, Leandro D. ; Snellen, Mirjam ; Simons, Dick G. / Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements. 2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA), 2018.
@inproceedings{9366b7c9be2f468094835e2b1ea98f26,
title = "Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements",
abstract = "Microphone arrays are useful measurement devices for estimating the location and strength of sound sources. Numerous comparative studies have been conducted regarding the performance of acoustic imaging methods in the past, but literature lacks of a systematic investigation on the role of the hardware on the measurements. This research focuses on the performance differences between two 63-microphone arrays: one with digital MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) microphones and the other with analog condenser microphones. Both systems are used on an aeroacoustic experiment performed in an anechoic open-jet wind tunnel featuring two airfoils (NACA 0012 and NACA 0018) equipped with trailing-edge serrations. Whereas both arrays provided similar frequency spectra when analyzing trailing-edge noise emissions (which are in agreement with previous research), the analog array seems to offer source maps of higher quality with a higher dynamic range (lower sidelobe level). Moreover, the results of the digital array featuring trailing-edge serrations show a noise increase at the higher frequencies (4 kHz) with respect to the straight-edge case, which is not expected from the findings of previous experimental research. The results of the analog array do not present such behavior. This manuscript is the result of a collaboration project between the University of Twente (UTwente) and Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).",
author = "Roberto Merino-Mart{\'i}nez and Sanders, {Martinus P.J.} and Caldas, {Luciano C.} and Francesco Avallone and Daniele Ragni and {de Santana}, {Leandro D.} and Mirjam Snellen and Simons, {Dick G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2514/6.2018-2809",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-62410-560-9",
booktitle = "2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference",
publisher = "American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)",
address = "United States",

}

Merino-Martínez, R, Sanders, MPJ, Caldas, LC, Avallone, F, Ragni, D, de Santana, LD, Snellen, M & Simons, DG 2018, Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements. in 2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference., AIAA 2018-2809, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA), 24th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference 2018, Atlanta, United States, 25/06/18. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-2809

Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements. / Merino-Martínez, Roberto; Sanders, Martinus P.J.; Caldas, Luciano C.; Avallone, Francesco; Ragni, Daniele; de Santana, Leandro D.; Snellen, Mirjam; Simons, Dick G.

2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA), 2018. AIAA 2018-2809.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements

AU - Merino-Martínez, Roberto

AU - Sanders, Martinus P.J.

AU - Caldas, Luciano C.

AU - Avallone, Francesco

AU - Ragni, Daniele

AU - de Santana, Leandro D.

AU - Snellen, Mirjam

AU - Simons, Dick G.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Microphone arrays are useful measurement devices for estimating the location and strength of sound sources. Numerous comparative studies have been conducted regarding the performance of acoustic imaging methods in the past, but literature lacks of a systematic investigation on the role of the hardware on the measurements. This research focuses on the performance differences between two 63-microphone arrays: one with digital MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) microphones and the other with analog condenser microphones. Both systems are used on an aeroacoustic experiment performed in an anechoic open-jet wind tunnel featuring two airfoils (NACA 0012 and NACA 0018) equipped with trailing-edge serrations. Whereas both arrays provided similar frequency spectra when analyzing trailing-edge noise emissions (which are in agreement with previous research), the analog array seems to offer source maps of higher quality with a higher dynamic range (lower sidelobe level). Moreover, the results of the digital array featuring trailing-edge serrations show a noise increase at the higher frequencies (4 kHz) with respect to the straight-edge case, which is not expected from the findings of previous experimental research. The results of the analog array do not present such behavior. This manuscript is the result of a collaboration project between the University of Twente (UTwente) and Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).

AB - Microphone arrays are useful measurement devices for estimating the location and strength of sound sources. Numerous comparative studies have been conducted regarding the performance of acoustic imaging methods in the past, but literature lacks of a systematic investigation on the role of the hardware on the measurements. This research focuses on the performance differences between two 63-microphone arrays: one with digital MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) microphones and the other with analog condenser microphones. Both systems are used on an aeroacoustic experiment performed in an anechoic open-jet wind tunnel featuring two airfoils (NACA 0012 and NACA 0018) equipped with trailing-edge serrations. Whereas both arrays provided similar frequency spectra when analyzing trailing-edge noise emissions (which are in agreement with previous research), the analog array seems to offer source maps of higher quality with a higher dynamic range (lower sidelobe level). Moreover, the results of the digital array featuring trailing-edge serrations show a noise increase at the higher frequencies (4 kHz) with respect to the straight-edge case, which is not expected from the findings of previous experimental research. The results of the analog array do not present such behavior. This manuscript is the result of a collaboration project between the University of Twente (UTwente) and Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051289360&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2514/6.2018-2809

DO - 10.2514/6.2018-2809

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-62410-560-9

BT - 2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference

PB - American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)

ER -

Merino-Martínez R, Sanders MPJ, Caldas LC, Avallone F, Ragni D, de Santana LD et al. Comparison between analog and digital microphone phased arrays for aeroacoustic measurements. In 2018 AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA). 2018. AIAA 2018-2809 https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-2809