Comparison between de novo and metachronous metastatic breast cancer: the presence of a primary tumour is not the only difference—a Dutch population-based study from 2008 to 2018

Josanne S. de Maar, Marianne Luyendijk, Britt B.M. Suelmann, Dave E.W. Kruijssen, Sjoerd Elias, Sabine Siesling, Elsken Van Der Wall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare characteristics and survival of patients with de novo and metachronous metastatic breast cancer. Methods: Data of patients with metastatic breast cancer were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Patients were categorized as having de novo metastatic breast cancer (n = 8656) if they had distant metastases at initial presentation, or metachronous metastatic disease (n = 2374) in case they developed metastases within 5 or 10 years after initial breast cancer diagnosis. Clinicopathological characteristics and treatments of these two groups were compared, after which multiple imputation was performed to account for missing data. Overall survival was compared for patients treated with systemic therapy in the metastatic setting, using Kaplan Meier curves and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. The hazard ratio for overall survival of de novo versus metachronous metastases was assessed accounting for time-varying effects. Results: Compared to metachronous patients, patients with de novo metastatic breast cancer were more likely to be ≥ 70 years, to have invasive lobular carcinoma, clinical T3 or T4 tumours, loco-regional lymph node metastases, HER2 positivity, bone only disease and to have received systemic therapy in the metastatic setting. They were less likely to have triple negative tumours and liver or brain metastases. Patients with de novo metastases survived longer (median 34.7 months) than patients with metachronous metastases (median 24.3 months) and the hazard ratio (0.75) varied over time. Conclusions: Differences in clinicopathological characteristics and survival between de novo and metachronous metastatic breast cancer highlight that these are distinct patients groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-264
Number of pages12
JournalBreast cancer research and treatment
Volume198
Early online date17 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • 2023 OA procedure

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