Methods and results: Characteristics of 1,709 eligible patients were analysed. Independent external adjudication of clinical events was likewise performed for non-enrolled (n=318) and randomised patients (n=1,391). Non-enrolled and randomised patients did not differ in gender distribution, diabetes mellitus, and clinical presentation, but differed significantly in age and cardiovascular history. Nevertheless, clinical outcome after one year did not differ in the primary composite endpoint target-vessel failure (TVF; 9.8% vs. 8.1%; p=0.34), and its components cardiac death (1.6% vs. 1.2%; p=0.61), target vessel-related myocardial infarction (4.7% vs. 4.6%; p=0.92), and target-vessel revascularisation (3.8% vs. 3.0%; p=0.48). Previous bypass surgery predicted TVF in non-enrolled patients (p=0.001); removal of these patients resulted in identical TVF rates for non-enrolled and randomised patients (7.3% vs. 7.3%; p=0.99).
Conclusions: Despite some differences in baseline characteristics, non-enrolled and randomised patients did not differ in one-year outcome, which was favourable for both populations and may be related to the drug-eluting stents used.
- Coronary artery disease
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Drug-eluting stent(s)
- Randomised controlled trial
- TWENTE trial