Comparison of muscle activity patterns of transfemoral amputees and control subjects during walking

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    Background: Only few studies have looked at electromyography (EMG) during prosthetic gait. Differences in EMG between normal and prosthetic gait for stance and swing phase were never separately analyzed. These differences can give valuable information if and how muscle activity changes in prosthetic gait.

    Methods: In this study EMG activity during gait of the upper leg muscles of six transfemoral amputees, measured inside their own socket, was compared to that of five controls. On and off timings for stance and swing phase were determined together with the level of co-activity and inter-subject variability.

    Results and conclusions: Gait phase changes in amputees mainly consisted of an increased double support phase preceding the prosthetic stance phase. For the subsequent (pre) swing phase the main differences were found in muscle activity patterns of the prosthetic limb, more muscles were active during this phase and/or with prolonged duration. The overall inter-subject variability was larger in amputees compared to controls.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number87
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2013


    • Kinematics
    • EMG
    • Transfemoral amputee
    • Spatio-temporal data


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