Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions

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Abstract

Vegetation roughness is an important parameter in describing flow through river systems. Vegetation impedes the flow, which affects the stage-discharge curve and may increase flood risks. Roughness is often used as a calibration parameter in river models, however when vegetation is allowed to develop naturally in river restoration projects, it is important to have suitable predictions of the increased resistance caused by the vegetation. There are many formulas available for describing vegetation roughness in one or two dimensional flow, ranging from simple wall roughness approximations to (semi-) empirical or theoretically derived roughness descriptions that are a function of flow and plant characteristics. In this paper a number of roughness descriptions are compared. All descriptions give a reasonable fit to experimental flume data. However, the models show significant deviation when extrapolating to large water depths typical for extreme discharge conditions. Therefore, to identify the suitability of existing methods for flood modeling, more data at large water depths are necessary. At large submergence ratios vegetation roughness can be approximated by a constant Manning coefficient.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.
EditorsM.S. Altinakar, M.A. Kokpinar, I. Aydin, S. Cokgor, S. Kirkgoz
Place of PublicationAnkara
PublisherKubaba Congress Department and Travel Services
Pages343-350
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2008
EventRiver Flow 2008: 4th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics - Izmir, Turkey
Duration: 3 Sep 20085 Sep 2008

Publication series

Name
Volume1

Conference

ConferenceRiver Flow 2008
CountryTurkey
CityIzmir
Period3/09/085/09/08

Keywords

  • IR-60441
  • vegetation roughness
  • METIS-246788
  • River models
  • Uncertainty

Cite this

Augustijn, D. C. M., Huthoff, F., & van Velzen, E. H. (2008). Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions. In M. S. Altinakar, M. A. Kokpinar, I. Aydin, S. Cokgor, & S. Kirkgoz (Eds.), Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey. (pp. 343-350). Ankara: Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services.
Augustijn, Dionysius C.M. ; Huthoff, Freek ; van Velzen, E.H. / Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions. Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.. editor / M.S. Altinakar ; M.A. Kokpinar ; I. Aydin ; S. Cokgor ; S. Kirkgoz. Ankara : Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services, 2008. pp. 343-350
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title = "Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions",
abstract = "Vegetation roughness is an important parameter in describing flow through river systems. Vegetation impedes the flow, which affects the stage-discharge curve and may increase flood risks. Roughness is often used as a calibration parameter in river models, however when vegetation is allowed to develop naturally in river restoration projects, it is important to have suitable predictions of the increased resistance caused by the vegetation. There are many formulas available for describing vegetation roughness in one or two dimensional flow, ranging from simple wall roughness approximations to (semi-) empirical or theoretically derived roughness descriptions that are a function of flow and plant characteristics. In this paper a number of roughness descriptions are compared. All descriptions give a reasonable fit to experimental flume data. However, the models show significant deviation when extrapolating to large water depths typical for extreme discharge conditions. Therefore, to identify the suitability of existing methods for flood modeling, more data at large water depths are necessary. At large submergence ratios vegetation roughness can be approximated by a constant Manning coefficient.",
keywords = "IR-60441, vegetation roughness, METIS-246788, River models, Uncertainty",
author = "Augustijn, {Dionysius C.M.} and Freek Huthoff and {van Velzen}, E.H.",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "3",
language = "Undefined",
publisher = "Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services",
pages = "343--350",
editor = "M.S. Altinakar and M.A. Kokpinar and I. Aydin and S. Cokgor and S. Kirkgoz",
booktitle = "Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 {\cC}e¿me, Turkey.",

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Augustijn, DCM, Huthoff, F & van Velzen, EH 2008, Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions. in MS Altinakar, MA Kokpinar, I Aydin, S Cokgor & S Kirkgoz (eds), Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.. Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services, Ankara, pp. 343-350, River Flow 2008, Izmir, Turkey, 3/09/08.

Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions. / Augustijn, Dionysius C.M.; Huthoff, Freek; van Velzen, E.H.

Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.. ed. / M.S. Altinakar; M.A. Kokpinar; I. Aydin; S. Cokgor; S. Kirkgoz. Ankara : Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services, 2008. p. 343-350.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions

AU - Augustijn, Dionysius C.M.

AU - Huthoff, Freek

AU - van Velzen, E.H.

PY - 2008/9/3

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N2 - Vegetation roughness is an important parameter in describing flow through river systems. Vegetation impedes the flow, which affects the stage-discharge curve and may increase flood risks. Roughness is often used as a calibration parameter in river models, however when vegetation is allowed to develop naturally in river restoration projects, it is important to have suitable predictions of the increased resistance caused by the vegetation. There are many formulas available for describing vegetation roughness in one or two dimensional flow, ranging from simple wall roughness approximations to (semi-) empirical or theoretically derived roughness descriptions that are a function of flow and plant characteristics. In this paper a number of roughness descriptions are compared. All descriptions give a reasonable fit to experimental flume data. However, the models show significant deviation when extrapolating to large water depths typical for extreme discharge conditions. Therefore, to identify the suitability of existing methods for flood modeling, more data at large water depths are necessary. At large submergence ratios vegetation roughness can be approximated by a constant Manning coefficient.

AB - Vegetation roughness is an important parameter in describing flow through river systems. Vegetation impedes the flow, which affects the stage-discharge curve and may increase flood risks. Roughness is often used as a calibration parameter in river models, however when vegetation is allowed to develop naturally in river restoration projects, it is important to have suitable predictions of the increased resistance caused by the vegetation. There are many formulas available for describing vegetation roughness in one or two dimensional flow, ranging from simple wall roughness approximations to (semi-) empirical or theoretically derived roughness descriptions that are a function of flow and plant characteristics. In this paper a number of roughness descriptions are compared. All descriptions give a reasonable fit to experimental flume data. However, the models show significant deviation when extrapolating to large water depths typical for extreme discharge conditions. Therefore, to identify the suitability of existing methods for flood modeling, more data at large water depths are necessary. At large submergence ratios vegetation roughness can be approximated by a constant Manning coefficient.

KW - IR-60441

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KW - METIS-246788

KW - River models

KW - Uncertainty

M3 - Conference contribution

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BT - Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.

A2 - Altinakar, M.S.

A2 - Kokpinar, M.A.

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Augustijn DCM, Huthoff F, van Velzen EH. Comparison of vegetation roughness descriptions. In Altinakar MS, Kokpinar MA, Aydin I, Cokgor S, Kirkgoz S, editors, Proceedings of River Flow 2008 - Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, 3-5 September 2008 Çe¿me, Turkey.. Ankara: Kubaba Congress Department and Travel Services. 2008. p. 343-350