Competitive mindsets, creativity, and the role of regulatory focus

Jenny Bittner, Heike Heidemeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


We examined how regulatory focus and intentions to compete rather than cooperate with group members relate to creativity. Study 1 showed that a promotion focus (i.e., a focus on ideals) activated a cooperative mindset, whereas a prevention focus (i.e., a focus on responsibilities) activated a competitive mindset. Whereas mindsets had no direct effect on creativity, a prevention focus was found to diminish subsequent creativity. Study 2 showed that a cooperative mindset activated a promotion focus, whereas a competitive mindset activated a prevention focus. Prevention focus carried the indirect negative effect of competitive mindsets on creativity. In addition, we tested whether global versus local information processing may explain these effects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages9
JournalThinking skills and creativity
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • METIS-296638
  • IR-86246


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