Complete dissipation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by in-vessel composting

B. Gümüscü, Deniz Cekmecelioglu, Turgay Tekinay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We demonstrate complete removal of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in 15 days using an in-vessel composting system, which is amended with TNT-degrading bacteria strains. A mixture of TNT, food waste, manure, wood chips, soil and TNT-degrading bacteria consortium are co-composted for 15 days in an aerobic environment. Variations in the TNT degradation rates are assessed when composting reactors are operated at different carbon/nitrogen ratios (C/N), aeration rates, TNT concentrations and TNT-degrading bacteria inoculum loads. Changes in TNT concentrations are measured using high performance liquid chromatography, and C/N are determined using elemental analysis every 5 days. Temperature and moisture of the system are measured every 6 hours. Optimum TNT degradation performance is achieved by combining C/N of 20/1 and a 5 L min−1 aeration rate. Complete removal is achieved for TNT concentrations of 2, 10, and 100 g kg−1 in 15 days by the help of Citrobacter murliniae STE10, Achromobacter spanius STE11, Kluyvera cryocrescens STE12, and Enterobacter amnigenus STE13 bacteria strains. The final products of composting are used to cultivate four different plant seedlings for 10 weeks and showed no toxic effect, which is promising for the potential agricultural use of TNT-contaminated lands after remediation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51812-51819
JournalRSC advances
Volume5
Issue number64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Trinitrotoluene
Composting
Bacteria
Nitrogen
Carbon
Degradation
Manures
High performance liquid chromatography
Remediation
Wood
Moisture
Soils
Chemical analysis
Poisons
Temperature

Keywords

  • METIS-317599
  • IR-100999

Cite this

Gümüscü, B. ; Cekmecelioglu, Deniz ; Tekinay, Turgay. / Complete dissipation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by in-vessel composting. In: RSC advances. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 64. pp. 51812-51819.
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abstract = "We demonstrate complete removal of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in 15 days using an in-vessel composting system, which is amended with TNT-degrading bacteria strains. A mixture of TNT, food waste, manure, wood chips, soil and TNT-degrading bacteria consortium are co-composted for 15 days in an aerobic environment. Variations in the TNT degradation rates are assessed when composting reactors are operated at different carbon/nitrogen ratios (C/N), aeration rates, TNT concentrations and TNT-degrading bacteria inoculum loads. Changes in TNT concentrations are measured using high performance liquid chromatography, and C/N are determined using elemental analysis every 5 days. Temperature and moisture of the system are measured every 6 hours. Optimum TNT degradation performance is achieved by combining C/N of 20/1 and a 5 L min−1 aeration rate. Complete removal is achieved for TNT concentrations of 2, 10, and 100 g kg−1 in 15 days by the help of Citrobacter murliniae STE10, Achromobacter spanius STE11, Kluyvera cryocrescens STE12, and Enterobacter amnigenus STE13 bacteria strains. The final products of composting are used to cultivate four different plant seedlings for 10 weeks and showed no toxic effect, which is promising for the potential agricultural use of TNT-contaminated lands after remediation.",
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Complete dissipation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by in-vessel composting. / Gümüscü, B.; Cekmecelioglu, Deniz; Tekinay, Turgay.

In: RSC advances, Vol. 5, No. 64, 2015, p. 51812-51819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Complete dissipation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by in-vessel composting

AU - Gümüscü, B.

AU - Cekmecelioglu, Deniz

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AB - We demonstrate complete removal of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in 15 days using an in-vessel composting system, which is amended with TNT-degrading bacteria strains. A mixture of TNT, food waste, manure, wood chips, soil and TNT-degrading bacteria consortium are co-composted for 15 days in an aerobic environment. Variations in the TNT degradation rates are assessed when composting reactors are operated at different carbon/nitrogen ratios (C/N), aeration rates, TNT concentrations and TNT-degrading bacteria inoculum loads. Changes in TNT concentrations are measured using high performance liquid chromatography, and C/N are determined using elemental analysis every 5 days. Temperature and moisture of the system are measured every 6 hours. Optimum TNT degradation performance is achieved by combining C/N of 20/1 and a 5 L min−1 aeration rate. Complete removal is achieved for TNT concentrations of 2, 10, and 100 g kg−1 in 15 days by the help of Citrobacter murliniae STE10, Achromobacter spanius STE11, Kluyvera cryocrescens STE12, and Enterobacter amnigenus STE13 bacteria strains. The final products of composting are used to cultivate four different plant seedlings for 10 weeks and showed no toxic effect, which is promising for the potential agricultural use of TNT-contaminated lands after remediation.

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