Objective: Obliteration of collaterals during (endo)vascular treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease is considered detrimental. We use a model to calculate maximum collateral bed flow of the superficial femoral artery in order to provide insight in their hemodynamic relevance.
Method: A computational model was developed using digital subtraction angiographies in combination with Poiseuille's equation and Ohm's law. Lesions were divided into short and long (15 cm and ≥15 cm, respectively) and into stenosis and occlusions. Data are presented in relation to the calculated maximum healthy superficial femoral artery flow.
Results: Stenotic lesions are longer than occlusive lesions (P 0.05) and occlusions had more and larger collaterals (P 0.05). In all four study groups the collateral flow significantly increased the total flow (P 0.05). The maximum collateral system flow in the stenosis and occlusion groups was 5.1% and 20.8% of healthy superficial femoral artery flow, respectively (P 0.05), and there were no significant differences between short and long lesions (11.2% and 6.7% of healthy superficial femoral artery flow, respectively).
Conclusion: The maximum collateral system flow of the superficial femoral artery is only a fraction, with a maximum of one fifth, of healthy superficial femoral artery flow. Effects of collateral vessel occlusion during (endo)vascular treatment may therefore be without detrimental consequences.
- Computational model
- Covered stent
- Superficial femoral artery