Computation of likelihood ratio from small sample set of within-source variability

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    In this paper we describe a new method of likelihood ratio computation for score-based biometric recognition systems given a small number of samples in within-source variability dataset. Generally the number of samples in within-source variability dataset is less than the number of samples in between-source variability dataset and therefore the probability density function (pdf) of within-source variability dataset cannot be estimated reliably compared to the pdf of between-source variability. The proposed method estimates the pdf of within-source variability from estimates of the within-source variability mean and variance and the pdf of between-source variability by minimizing the Kullback-Leibler distance [1] of the pdf of the within-source variability to that of the between-source variability given within-source variability mean and variance. It thus finds a conservative estimate of the pdf of within-source variability. Working out this optimization problem results in an log likelihood ration that is a second order polynomial of a given score value. We apply this approach of likelihood ratio computation in the area of face recognition. An existing commercial face recognition system [2] is used to obtain scores for the sets of within-source variability and between-source variability from a set of image data taken from SCFace database [3]. It contains images taken in uncontrolled indoor environment using five video surveillance cameras of various qualities. For each subject, there are also mug shots taken in same conditions as would be expected for any law enforcement or national security use. We explore the feasibility of using an existing biometric face recognition system in forensic application by discussing some specific cases in forensic framework.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publication6th European Academy of Forensic Science Conference (EAFS 2012)
    Place of PublicationThe Hague
    PublisherEuropean Academy of Forensic Science
    Number of pages1
    ISBN (Print)not assigned
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
    Event6th European Academy of Forensic Science Conference, EAFS 2012 - The Hague, the Netherlands
    Duration: 20 Aug 201224 Aug 2012

    Publication series

    PublisherEuropean Academy of Forensic Science
    NumberTowards Fo


    Conference6th European Academy of Forensic Science Conference, EAFS 2012
    Other20-24 August 2012


    • SCS-Safety
    • IR-83416
    • METIS-289789
    • EWI-22536

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