Computational modeling of bacterial dynamics under shear flow

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Bacteria can propel, proliferate and accumulate in a number of media and their dynamics are affected by shear flow. In addition to self-propulsion, bacteria can stick to each other and to surfaces where they can create fast growing colonies, called biofilm. Studies have shown that bacteria more commonly accumulate at surfaces and around obstacles. In the present work we modeled dynamics of E.Coli in a water like fluid. In the model the bacteria are represented by molecular dynamics (MD) particles while the fluid is represented by a lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). The MD particles are coupled to the LB fluid using a frictional point coupling that ensures momentum conservation of the total system. We present collective transient dynamics of up to 4000 bacteria in porous configurations. Our results show that the bacteria tend to a state of momentary stasis in regions where the underlying fluid recirculates, and thus result in a sticking behavior near the obstacles of the porous media. Our findings indicate that such a behavior is manifested mainly due to hydrodynamics interactions between a bacterium and the surfaces. Our model of bacterial replication agrees well with experimental data and ongoing work includes coupling of time scales in bacterial life cycle to model biofilms.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
Event72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2019 - Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, United States
Duration: 23 Nov 201926 Nov 2019
Conference number: 72

Conference

Conference72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period23/11/1926/11/19

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    Jain, K. (2019). Computational modeling of bacterial dynamics under shear flow. Abstract from 72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, APS-DFD 2019, Seattle, United States.