Conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction: An exploratory study in 14 national groups

Mohsen Joshanloo*, Muhammad Rizwan, Imran Ahmed Khilji, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Wai-Ching Poon, Suresh Sundaram, Lok Sang Ho, Victoria Wai Lan Yeung, Gyuseog Han, Jaechang Bae, Meliksah Demir, Mustapha Achoui, Joyce S. Pang, Ding-Yu Jiang, Sanne M.A. Lamers, Yücel Turan, Zarina Kh. Lepshokova, Tatiana Panyusheva, Amerkhanova Natalia, Ryosuke AsanoTasuku Igarashi, Saori Tsukamoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


This study examined the relationship between 4 conceptions of happiness and life satisfaction in a sample of 2715 university students across 14 national groups. The 4 conceptions were self-transcendence, self-directed hedonism, conservation, and self-enhancement, which emerged from a principal component analysis of a 19-item scale generated for the purpose of the present study. Results of multi-level modeling showed that self-transcendence and conservation predicted life satisfaction positively and significantly. In addition, we found that self-directed hedonism and self-enhancement interacted in their effects on life satisfaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-148
JournalPersonality and individual differences
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • n/a OA procedure

Cite this