Conceptual Development of a Novel Ultra-Thin and Transparent 2 T Superconducting Detector Solenoid for the Future Circular Collider

Tobias Kulenkampff, Alexey Dudarev, Veronica Ilardi, Matthias Mentink, Helder Silva, Erwin Bielert, Herman H.J. Ten Kate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In the frame of the ongoing Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study, a novel ultra-thin and maximum radiation transparent solenoid for next generation particle detectors is under development. Actually, two versions providing 2 T and 3 T for the FCC-ee and FCC-hh detectors, respectively, are engineered, but here we report on the 2 T version only. Essential aspects of the design are presented. The mechanical and thermal stability of the cold mass is investigated. New, very high-yield stress Al-stabilized NbTi/Cu conductors are required to allow a 0.4 ∗ X 0 radiation thickness. For conductor production, welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys will be necessary. Electron beam and friction stir welding techniques were tested to connect the Ni-doped pure Aluminum stabilizer to the very high-yield strength Al-7068 alloy. The welding results and their applicability are presented and discussed. The proposed conduction-based cold mass cooling scheme using heat drains, and quench protection were analyzed and results are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8665973
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Volume29
Issue number5
Early online date12 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Solenoids
Colliding beam accelerators
solenoids
welding
conductors
Detectors
friction stir welding
Yield stress
radiation counters
detectors
Welding
radiation
yield strength
aluminum alloys
Particle detectors
Radiation
Friction stir welding
thermal stability
Mechanical stability
electron beams

Keywords

  • detector solenoid
  • Future Circular Collider (FCC)
  • thin
  • transparent

Cite this

@article{c3a441a3b9fd413499d019a38fe82a1b,
title = "Conceptual Development of a Novel Ultra-Thin and Transparent 2 T Superconducting Detector Solenoid for the Future Circular Collider",
abstract = "In the frame of the ongoing Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study, a novel ultra-thin and maximum radiation transparent solenoid for next generation particle detectors is under development. Actually, two versions providing 2 T and 3 T for the FCC-ee and FCC-hh detectors, respectively, are engineered, but here we report on the 2 T version only. Essential aspects of the design are presented. The mechanical and thermal stability of the cold mass is investigated. New, very high-yield stress Al-stabilized NbTi/Cu conductors are required to allow a 0.4 ∗ X 0 radiation thickness. For conductor production, welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys will be necessary. Electron beam and friction stir welding techniques were tested to connect the Ni-doped pure Aluminum stabilizer to the very high-yield strength Al-7068 alloy. The welding results and their applicability are presented and discussed. The proposed conduction-based cold mass cooling scheme using heat drains, and quench protection were analyzed and results are presented.",
keywords = "detector solenoid, Future Circular Collider (FCC), thin, transparent",
author = "Tobias Kulenkampff and Alexey Dudarev and Veronica Ilardi and Matthias Mentink and Helder Silva and Erwin Bielert and {Ten Kate}, {Herman H.J.}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TASC.2019.2903061",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
journal = "IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity",
issn = "1051-8223",
publisher = "IEEE",
number = "5",

}

Conceptual Development of a Novel Ultra-Thin and Transparent 2 T Superconducting Detector Solenoid for the Future Circular Collider. / Kulenkampff, Tobias; Dudarev, Alexey; Ilardi, Veronica; Mentink, Matthias; Silva, Helder; Bielert, Erwin; Ten Kate, Herman H.J.

In: IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity, Vol. 29, No. 5, 8665973, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptual Development of a Novel Ultra-Thin and Transparent 2 T Superconducting Detector Solenoid for the Future Circular Collider

AU - Kulenkampff, Tobias

AU - Dudarev, Alexey

AU - Ilardi, Veronica

AU - Mentink, Matthias

AU - Silva, Helder

AU - Bielert, Erwin

AU - Ten Kate, Herman H.J.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - In the frame of the ongoing Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study, a novel ultra-thin and maximum radiation transparent solenoid for next generation particle detectors is under development. Actually, two versions providing 2 T and 3 T for the FCC-ee and FCC-hh detectors, respectively, are engineered, but here we report on the 2 T version only. Essential aspects of the design are presented. The mechanical and thermal stability of the cold mass is investigated. New, very high-yield stress Al-stabilized NbTi/Cu conductors are required to allow a 0.4 ∗ X 0 radiation thickness. For conductor production, welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys will be necessary. Electron beam and friction stir welding techniques were tested to connect the Ni-doped pure Aluminum stabilizer to the very high-yield strength Al-7068 alloy. The welding results and their applicability are presented and discussed. The proposed conduction-based cold mass cooling scheme using heat drains, and quench protection were analyzed and results are presented.

AB - In the frame of the ongoing Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study, a novel ultra-thin and maximum radiation transparent solenoid for next generation particle detectors is under development. Actually, two versions providing 2 T and 3 T for the FCC-ee and FCC-hh detectors, respectively, are engineered, but here we report on the 2 T version only. Essential aspects of the design are presented. The mechanical and thermal stability of the cold mass is investigated. New, very high-yield stress Al-stabilized NbTi/Cu conductors are required to allow a 0.4 ∗ X 0 radiation thickness. For conductor production, welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys will be necessary. Electron beam and friction stir welding techniques were tested to connect the Ni-doped pure Aluminum stabilizer to the very high-yield strength Al-7068 alloy. The welding results and their applicability are presented and discussed. The proposed conduction-based cold mass cooling scheme using heat drains, and quench protection were analyzed and results are presented.

KW - detector solenoid

KW - Future Circular Collider (FCC)

KW - thin

KW - transparent

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064873379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2903061

DO - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2903061

M3 - Article

VL - 29

JO - IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity

JF - IEEE transactions on applied superconductivity

SN - 1051-8223

IS - 5

M1 - 8665973

ER -