Conceptualizing school effectiveness

Jaap Scheerens, Bert P.M. Creemers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

80 Citations (Scopus)
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The theoretical status of existing school effectiveness models is analyzed by using perspectives from organizational theory and models of classroom effectiveness. This leads to the formulation of a basic framework for conceptualizing school effectiveness that includes variables at the levels of the school, the context of the school and the classroom, while background variables of pupils are also taken into account. One of the conclusions is that hypothesis construction and empirical research on cross-level relationships within this basic framework are of central importance to enhance our understanding of school effectiveness.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)691-706
JournalInternational journal of educational research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1989


  • IR-67950

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