Conducting charge-transfer salts based on neutral π-radicals

C. D. Bryan*, A. W. Cordes, R. M. Fleming, N. A. George, S. H. Glarum, R. C. Haddon, R. T. Oakley, T. T.M. Palstra, A. S. Perel, L. F. Schneemeyer, J. V. Waszczak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

MOST molecular conductors rely on charge transfer to create carriers. For example, the ET salts1 are hole-doped whereas the C60 salts2 are electron-doped. Neutral radical species in which bands are formed by π-orbital overlap would be expected to have half-filled bands and thus to be conducting3, but no such metals have yet been reported. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of a molecular conductor which combines both of these approaches: energy bands are formed from one-dimensional stacks of neutral π-radicals, and the material is rendered conducting by electron transfer from the conduction band following doping with an acceptor. The radical species is the l,4-phenylene-bis(dithiadiazolyl) diradical 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN 2S2)] (2 in Fig. 1), reaction of which with iodine vapour leads to crystals of [2][I]. At low temperatures this compound is essentially a diamagnetic insulator, but above 200 K the conductivity and magnetic susceptibility increase markedly, and at room temperature the conductivity reaches l00 S cm-1, which is comparable to that shown by conventional molecular charge-transfer salts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-823
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume365
Issue number6449
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

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