Conformational isomerism of 2,4,6-substituted 1,3,5-trimethoxycalix[6]arenes

Willem P. van Hoorn, Frank C.J.M. van Veggel, David N. Reinhoudt

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4 Citations (Scopus)


For 2,4,6-trisubstituted 1,3,5-trimethoxycalix[6]arenes 1, two competing interconversion pathways have been postulated in the literature for the Cone/1,2,3Alternate exchange, viz the “tert-butyl through the annulus” and “lower rim through the annulus” pathways. Both pathways were compared with molecular modeling with the conjugate peak refinement method. One variable-size atom (Sx) was introduced to represent the lower-rim substituents R, abstracting the “O−CH2−rigid group” motifs to one “O−CH2−Sx” group. Both the postulated mechanisms of Cone → 1,2,3Alternate isomerization are plausible. For large lower-rim substituents (Sx ≥ ≈6 Å), the “tert-butyl through the annulus” mechanism is preferred over the “Sx through the annulus” mechanism. The calculated upper free energy barrier for the isomerization process is 17.5 kcal mol-1, reasonably close to the experimental value of approximately 21 kcal mol-1 (van Duynhoven et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc.1994, 116, 5814).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6676-6681
JournalJournal of physical chemistry A
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 1998


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