Considerations for emotion-aware consumer products

Egon van den Broek, Joyce H.D.M. Westerink

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    39 Citations (Scopus)
    109 Downloads (Pure)


    Emotion-aware consumer products require reliable, short-term emotion assessment (i.e., unobtrusive, robust, and lacking calibration). To explore the feasibility of this, an experiment was conducted where the galvanic skin response (GSR) and three electromyography (EMG) signals (frontalis, corrugator supercilii, and zygomaticus major) were recorded on 24 participants who watched eight 2-min emotion inducing film fragments. The unfiltered psychophysiological signals were processed and six statistical parameters (i.e., mean, absolute deviation, standard deviation, variance, skewness, and kurtosis) were derived for each 10-s interval of the film fragment. For each physiological signal, skewness and kurtosis discriminated among affective states, accompanied by other parameters, depending on the signal. The skewness parameter also showed to indicate mixed emotions. Moreover, a mapping of events in the fragments on the signals showed the importance of short-term emotion assessment. Hence, this research identified generic features, denoted important considerations, and illustrated the feasibility of emotion-aware consumer products.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1055-1064
    Number of pages10
    JournalApplied ergonomics
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009


    • Short-term emotion assessment
    • Physiological Signals
    • statistical moments
    • EWI-18291
    • METIS-260050
    • IR-73224


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