Constructing rotating item pools for constrained adaptive testing

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Preventing items in adaptive testing from being over- or underexposed is one of the main problems in computerized adaptive testing. Though the problem of overexposed items can be solved using a probabilistic item-exposure control method, such methods are unable to deal with the problem of underexposed items. Using a system of rotating item pools, on the other hand, is a method that potentially solves both problems. In this method, a master pool is divided into (possibly overlapping) smaller item pools that are required to have similar distributions of content and statistical attributes. These pools are rotated among the testing sites to realize desirable exposure rates for the items. In this paper, a testassembly model for the problem of dividing a master pool into a set ofs maller pools is presented. The model was motivated by Gullicksen's (1950) matched random subtests method. Different methods to solve the modelare proposed. An item pool from the Law School Admission Test was used to evaluate the performances of computerized adaptive tests from systems of rotating item pools constructed using these methods.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEnschede
PublisherUniversity of Twente
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Publication series

NameOMD Research Report
PublisherUniversity of Twente, Faculty of Educational Science and Technology


  • rotating item pools
  • METIS-209503
  • IR-103565
  • Item-Pool Design
  • Computerized Adaptive Testing
  • Mathematical Programming
  • matched random subtestsmethod
  • test assembly


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