Control of YH3 formation and stability via hydrogen surface adsorption and desorption

Olena Soroka* (Corresponding Author), Jacobus M. Sturm, Robbert W.E. van de Kruijs, Chris J. Lee, Fred Bijkerk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Yttrium is known to form two hydrides: YH2, a metal, and YH3, which is dielectric. However, the stability of YH3 is not fully understood, especially in the context of thin films, where the yttrium layer must be coated to protect it from oxidation. In this work, we show that the stability of a YH3 thin film depends on the capping layer material. Our investigation reveals that YH3 appears to be stabilized by hydrogen that is adsorbed to the capping layer surface. This is evidenced by the YH3-YH2 transition temperature, which was found to be correlated with the desorption temperature of hydrogen from the surface. We posit that surface-adsorbed hydrogen prevents hydrogen from diffusing out of the thin film, which limits YH3 dissociation to the solubility of hydrogen in the YH2/YH3 thin film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalApplied surface science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2018


  • Atomic hydrogen
  • Hydrogenation
  • Metal thin coatings
  • Surface desorption
  • Yttrium hydride
  • 22/3 OA procedure


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