Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals

Peter Lodahl, A. Floris van Driel, Ivan S. Nikolaev, Arie Irman, Karin Overgaag, Daniël Vanmaekelbergh, Willem L. Vos

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

939 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from miniature lasers and light-emitting diodes, to single-photon sources for quantum information, and to solar energy harvesting. To explore such new quantum optics applications, a suitably tailored dielectric environment is required in which the vacuum fluctuations that control spontaneous emission can be manipulated. Photonic crystals provide such an environment: they strongly modify the vacuum fluctuations, causing the decay of emitted light to be accelerated or slowed down, to reveal unusual statistics, or to be completely inhibited in the ideal case of a photonic bandgap. Here we study spontaneous emission from semiconductor quantum dots embedded in inverse opal photonic crystals. We show that the spectral distribution and time-dependent decay of light emitted from excitons confined in the quantum dots are controlled by the host photonic crystal. Modified emission is observed over large frequency bandwidths of 10%, orders of magnitude larger than reported for resonant optical microcavities. Both inhibited and enhanced decay rates are observed depending on the optical emission frequency, and they are controlled by the crystals’ lattice parameter. Our experimental results provide a basis for all-solid-state dynamic control of optical quantum systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-657
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume430
Issue number7000
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2004

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spontaneous emission
quantum dots
photonics
quantum optics
crystals
vacuum
solar energy
decay
crystal lattices
decay rates
light emission
lattice parameters
light emitting diodes
excitons
statistics
solid state
bandwidth
photons
lasers

Keywords

  • METIS-218227
  • IR-58634

Cite this

Lodahl, P., van Driel, A. F., Nikolaev, I. S., Irman, A., Overgaag, K., Vanmaekelbergh, D., & Vos, W. L. (2004). Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals. Nature, 430(7000), 654-657. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02772
Lodahl, Peter ; van Driel, A. Floris ; Nikolaev, Ivan S. ; Irman, Arie ; Overgaag, Karin ; Vanmaekelbergh, Daniël ; Vos, Willem L. / Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals. In: Nature. 2004 ; Vol. 430, No. 7000. pp. 654-657.
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abstract = "Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from miniature lasers and light-emitting diodes, to single-photon sources for quantum information, and to solar energy harvesting. To explore such new quantum optics applications, a suitably tailored dielectric environment is required in which the vacuum fluctuations that control spontaneous emission can be manipulated. Photonic crystals provide such an environment: they strongly modify the vacuum fluctuations, causing the decay of emitted light to be accelerated or slowed down, to reveal unusual statistics, or to be completely inhibited in the ideal case of a photonic bandgap. Here we study spontaneous emission from semiconductor quantum dots embedded in inverse opal photonic crystals. We show that the spectral distribution and time-dependent decay of light emitted from excitons confined in the quantum dots are controlled by the host photonic crystal. Modified emission is observed over large frequency bandwidths of 10{\%}, orders of magnitude larger than reported for resonant optical microcavities. Both inhibited and enhanced decay rates are observed depending on the optical emission frequency, and they are controlled by the crystals’ lattice parameter. Our experimental results provide a basis for all-solid-state dynamic control of optical quantum systems.",
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Lodahl, P, van Driel, AF, Nikolaev, IS, Irman, A, Overgaag, K, Vanmaekelbergh, D & Vos, WL 2004, 'Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals' Nature, vol. 430, no. 7000, pp. 654-657. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02772

Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals. / Lodahl, Peter; van Driel, A. Floris; Nikolaev, Ivan S.; Irman, Arie; Overgaag, Karin; Vanmaekelbergh, Daniël; Vos, Willem L.

In: Nature, Vol. 430, No. 7000, 05.08.2004, p. 654-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals

AU - Lodahl, Peter

AU - van Driel, A. Floris

AU - Nikolaev, Ivan S.

AU - Irman, Arie

AU - Overgaag, Karin

AU - Vanmaekelbergh, Daniël

AU - Vos, Willem L.

PY - 2004/8/5

Y1 - 2004/8/5

N2 - Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from miniature lasers and light-emitting diodes, to single-photon sources for quantum information, and to solar energy harvesting. To explore such new quantum optics applications, a suitably tailored dielectric environment is required in which the vacuum fluctuations that control spontaneous emission can be manipulated. Photonic crystals provide such an environment: they strongly modify the vacuum fluctuations, causing the decay of emitted light to be accelerated or slowed down, to reveal unusual statistics, or to be completely inhibited in the ideal case of a photonic bandgap. Here we study spontaneous emission from semiconductor quantum dots embedded in inverse opal photonic crystals. We show that the spectral distribution and time-dependent decay of light emitted from excitons confined in the quantum dots are controlled by the host photonic crystal. Modified emission is observed over large frequency bandwidths of 10%, orders of magnitude larger than reported for resonant optical microcavities. Both inhibited and enhanced decay rates are observed depending on the optical emission frequency, and they are controlled by the crystals’ lattice parameter. Our experimental results provide a basis for all-solid-state dynamic control of optical quantum systems.

AB - Control of spontaneously emitted light lies at the heart of quantum optics. It is essential for diverse applications ranging from miniature lasers and light-emitting diodes, to single-photon sources for quantum information, and to solar energy harvesting. To explore such new quantum optics applications, a suitably tailored dielectric environment is required in which the vacuum fluctuations that control spontaneous emission can be manipulated. Photonic crystals provide such an environment: they strongly modify the vacuum fluctuations, causing the decay of emitted light to be accelerated or slowed down, to reveal unusual statistics, or to be completely inhibited in the ideal case of a photonic bandgap. Here we study spontaneous emission from semiconductor quantum dots embedded in inverse opal photonic crystals. We show that the spectral distribution and time-dependent decay of light emitted from excitons confined in the quantum dots are controlled by the host photonic crystal. Modified emission is observed over large frequency bandwidths of 10%, orders of magnitude larger than reported for resonant optical microcavities. Both inhibited and enhanced decay rates are observed depending on the optical emission frequency, and they are controlled by the crystals’ lattice parameter. Our experimental results provide a basis for all-solid-state dynamic control of optical quantum systems.

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Lodahl P, van Driel AF, Nikolaev IS, Irman A, Overgaag K, Vanmaekelbergh D et al. Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals. Nature. 2004 Aug 5;430(7000):654-657. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02772