Coordination Chemistry and Asymmetric Catalysis with a Chiral Diphosphonite

Jarl Ivar Vlugt, Jos Marie Johannes Paulusse, Eric J. Zijp, Jason A. Tijmensen, Allison M. Mills, Anthony L. Spek, Carmen Claver, Dieter Vogt

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22 Citations (Scopus)


The improved synthesis of the chiral diphosphonite, XantBino (1), based on a xanthene backbone and bearing chiral binaphthyl groups on both P-atoms is described together with its PdII and RhI complexes. The 31P NMR spectra of both complexes point out that the two phosphorus atoms are chemically inequivalent. The complex cis-[PdCl2(1)] (2) is structurally characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. The molecular structure reveals an unusually small bite angle for this member of the xantphos family of only 100°. The rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric hydroformylation of styrene and vinyl acetate as well as the asymmetric hydrogenation of methyl (Z)-2-acetamidocinnamate, applying this chiral diphosphonite 1, are described. Low enantiomeric excesses are obtained in the asymmetric hydroformylation, while use of the catalyst precursor [Rh(cod)(1)]BF4 (3) results in a promising enantiomeric excess in the Rh-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)4193-4201
JournalEuropean journal of inorganic chemistry
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • IR-99616

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