Coupled molecular switching processes in ordered mono- and multilayers of stimuli-sesponsive rotaxanes on gold surfaces

T. Heinrich, Christoph Traulsen, M. Holzweber, S. Richter, V. Kunz, S.K. Kastner, Sven Krabbenborg, Jurriaan Huskens, W.E.S. Unger, C.A. Schalley

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43 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Interfaces provide the structural basis for function as, for example, encountered in nature in the membrane-embedded photosystem or in technology in solar cells. Synthetic functional multilayers of molecules cooperating in a coupled manner can be fabricated on surfaces through layer-by-layer self-assembly. Ordered arrays of stimulus-responsive rotaxanes undergoing well-controlled axle shuttling are excellent candidates for coupled mechanical motion. Such stimulus-responsive surfaces may help integrate synthetic molecular machines in larger systems exhibiting even macroscopic effects or generating mechanical work from chemical energy through cooperative action. The present work demonstrates the successful deposition of ordered mono- and multilayers of chemically switchable rotaxanes on gold surfaces. Rotaxane mono- and multilayers are shown to reversibly switch in a coupled manner between two ordered states as revealed by linear dichroism effects in angle-resolved NEXAFS spectra. Such a concerted switching process is observed only when the surfaces are well packed, while less densely packed surfaces lacking lateral order do not exhibit such effects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4382-4390
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • IR-99557
  • METIS-314640

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