Covalent Coupling of Nanoparticles with Low-Density Functional Ligands to Surfaces via Click Chemistry

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We demonstrate the application of the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (“click‿ reaction) to couple gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) functionalized with low densities of functional ligands. The ligand coverage on the citrate-stabilized Au NPs was adjusted by the ligand:Au surface atom ratio, while maintaining the colloidal stability of the Au NPs in aqueous solution. A procedure was developed to determine the driving forces governing the selectivity and reactivity of citrate-stabilized and ligand-functionalized Au NPs on patterned self-assembled monolayers. We observed selective and remarkably stable chemical bonding of the Au NPs to the complimentarily functionalized substrate areas, even when estimating that only 1–2 chemical bonds are formed between the particles and the substrate.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)3705-3717
Number of pages13
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2013


  • EWI-24406
  • IR-89202
  • METIS-301584

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