Covalent microcontact printing of proteins for cell patterning

D.I. Rozkiewicz, Yvonne M. Kraan, Marc W.T. Werten, Frits A. de Wolf, Vinod Subramaniam, B.J. Ravoo, David Reinhoudt

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110 Citations (Scopus)
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We describe a straightforward approach to the covalent immobilization of cytophilic proteins by microcontact printing, which can be used to pattern cells on substrates. Cytophilic proteins are printed in micropatterns on reactive self-assembled monolayers by using imine chemistry. An aldehyde-terminated monolayer on glass or on gold was obtained by the reaction between an amino-terminated monolayer and terephthaldialdehyde. The aldehyde monolayer was employed as a substrate for the direct microcontact printing of bioengineered, collagen-like proteins by using an oxidized poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp. After immobilization of the proteins into adhesive islands, the remaining areas were blocked with amino-poly(ethylene glycol), which forms a layer that is resistant to cell adhesion. Human malignant carcinoma (HeLa) cells were seeded and incubated onto the patterned substrate. It was found that these cells adhere to and spread selectively on the protein islands, and avoid the poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) zones. These findings illustrate the importance of microcontact printing as a method for positioning proteins at surfaces and demonstrate the scope of controlled surface chemistry to direct cell adhesion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6290-6297
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry : a European journal
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • METIS-236491
  • immobilization
  • Surface chemistry
  • Microcontact Printing
  • IR-72055
  • Cell adhesion


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