Covering one eye in fixation-disparity measurement causes slight movement of fellow eye

H.J. Simonsz*, L.J. Bour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


In the subjective measurement of fixation disparity (FD), the subject fuses contours presented in the peripheral macular areas of both eyes (fusion lock). The position of the eyes relative to each other is monitored by means of two haploscopically seen vertical lines presented in the central macular area, one above and one below a binocularly seen horizontal line. The subject is instructed to shift one of the vertical lines horizontally until the two are aligned, while fixating their intersection with the horizontal line. It has recently been questioned whether the foveolae really are pointed towards the perceived intersection. In this study, we monitored the position of one eye while intermittently covering the fellow eye, while the subject maintained fixation of the intersection of the remaining vertical line and the horizontal line. We found slight differences in position of the measured eye, depending on whether the other eye was covered or not, i.e. depending on the presence or absence of fusion in the macular periphery. These differences were more pronounced in the non-dominant eye.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalDocumenta ophthalmologica
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Esophoria
  • Exophoria
  • Eye movements
  • Strabismus


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