Crime, accidents and social control

Marianne Junger, Gert-Jan Terlouw, Peter G.M. van der Heijden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper addresses to questions. (1) Is there a demonstrable relation between accidents and crime, does this relation hold for each type of crime and each means of transport, and does it subsist after controlling for age and gender? (2) Can social control theory explain involvements in both delinquent behaviour and in accidents? Globally, the answer on these questions is affirmative. We established a relatively strong relation betweencrime and accidents. This relation was found for all types of crime and for all means of transport. It holds for boys and girls, and for all age categories. However, the relation is stronger for girls and younger respondents (12-14) and weaker for boys and older respondents (21-24). An explanation is offered in terms of the balance between exposure/opportunities and individual causes of crime. Finally it appears that, to some extent, social control variables related to crime can explain involvement in accidents, supporting the idea that, at least in part, the statistical association between crime and accidents is the result of a common causal process.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)386-410
Number of pages25
JournalCriminal behaviour and mental health
Volume5
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • IR-96020

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