Crop water parameters of irrigated wine and table grapes to support water productivity analysis in the Sao Francisco river basin, Brazil

A.H. de C. Teixeira, W.G.M. Bastiaanssen, L.H. Bassoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy and water balance parameters were measured in two commercial vineyards in the semiarid region of the São Francisco river basin, Brazil. Actual evapotranspiration (ET) was acquired with the Bowen ratio surface energy balance method. The ratio of the latent heat flux to the available energy, or evaporative fraction (EF), was 81% on average for two growing cycles in wine grape and 88% for two growing seasons in table grape. Energy partitioning in this last vineyard was higher due to microsprinkler irrigation conditions and greater soil cover promoted by the overhead horizontal trellis systems. The accumulated ET from pruning to harvest in wine grape was 438 and 517 mm for the first and second growing cycles, respectively. Table grape consumed less water than wine grape (393 and 352 mm for the first and second growing seasons, respectively) due to shorter crop stages. Beneficial transpiration (T) was 89 and 81% of total ET for wine and table grape, respectively. Brazilian semiarid climate allows 2.5 production cycles per year for vineyards. The yield was in average of 6183 kg ha−1 for two cycles of wine grape and 11,200 kg ha−1 for one short growing season of table grape, corresponding to a bio-physical water productivity per unit ET of 1.06 kg m−3 (or 1.02 L wine m−3) and 3.18 kg m−3, respectively. Table grape showed a significantly higher economic water productivity (US$ 6.51 m−3) than wine grape (US$ 0.93 m−3). These values are much favorable than for staple crops.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
JournalAgricultural water management
Volume94
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

wine grapes
table grapes
river basin
productivity
Brazil
crop
evapotranspiration
crops
vineyards
vineyard
water
growing season
energy balance
water economics
staples
energy
semiarid zones
Bowen ratio
pruning
water balance

Keywords

  • WRS
  • ADLIB-ART-2607
  • Vitis vinifera L.
  • Energy balance
  • Evapotranspiration
  • Crop coefficient
  • Water productivity
  • Bowen ratio
  • Evaporative fraction

Cite this

@article{8b23ac64c13940569e6964798293c207,
title = "Crop water parameters of irrigated wine and table grapes to support water productivity analysis in the Sao Francisco river basin, Brazil",
abstract = "Energy and water balance parameters were measured in two commercial vineyards in the semiarid region of the S{\~a}o Francisco river basin, Brazil. Actual evapotranspiration (ET) was acquired with the Bowen ratio surface energy balance method. The ratio of the latent heat flux to the available energy, or evaporative fraction (EF), was 81{\%} on average for two growing cycles in wine grape and 88{\%} for two growing seasons in table grape. Energy partitioning in this last vineyard was higher due to microsprinkler irrigation conditions and greater soil cover promoted by the overhead horizontal trellis systems. The accumulated ET from pruning to harvest in wine grape was 438 and 517 mm for the first and second growing cycles, respectively. Table grape consumed less water than wine grape (393 and 352 mm for the first and second growing seasons, respectively) due to shorter crop stages. Beneficial transpiration (T) was 89 and 81{\%} of total ET for wine and table grape, respectively. Brazilian semiarid climate allows 2.5 production cycles per year for vineyards. The yield was in average of 6183 kg ha−1 for two cycles of wine grape and 11,200 kg ha−1 for one short growing season of table grape, corresponding to a bio-physical water productivity per unit ET of 1.06 kg m−3 (or 1.02 L wine m−3) and 3.18 kg m−3, respectively. Table grape showed a significantly higher economic water productivity (US$ 6.51 m−3) than wine grape (US$ 0.93 m−3). These values are much favorable than for staple crops.",
keywords = "WRS, ADLIB-ART-2607, Vitis vinifera L., Energy balance, Evapotranspiration, Crop coefficient, Water productivity, Bowen ratio, Evaporative fraction",
author = "{de C. Teixeira}, A.H. and W.G.M. Bastiaanssen and L.H. Bassoi",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.agwat.2007.08.001",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
pages = "31--42",
journal = "Agricultural water management",
issn = "0378-3774",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

Crop water parameters of irrigated wine and table grapes to support water productivity analysis in the Sao Francisco river basin, Brazil. / de C. Teixeira, A.H.; Bastiaanssen, W.G.M.; Bassoi, L.H.

In: Agricultural water management, Vol. 94, No. 1-3, 2007, p. 31-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crop water parameters of irrigated wine and table grapes to support water productivity analysis in the Sao Francisco river basin, Brazil

AU - de C. Teixeira, A.H.

AU - Bastiaanssen, W.G.M.

AU - Bassoi, L.H.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Energy and water balance parameters were measured in two commercial vineyards in the semiarid region of the São Francisco river basin, Brazil. Actual evapotranspiration (ET) was acquired with the Bowen ratio surface energy balance method. The ratio of the latent heat flux to the available energy, or evaporative fraction (EF), was 81% on average for two growing cycles in wine grape and 88% for two growing seasons in table grape. Energy partitioning in this last vineyard was higher due to microsprinkler irrigation conditions and greater soil cover promoted by the overhead horizontal trellis systems. The accumulated ET from pruning to harvest in wine grape was 438 and 517 mm for the first and second growing cycles, respectively. Table grape consumed less water than wine grape (393 and 352 mm for the first and second growing seasons, respectively) due to shorter crop stages. Beneficial transpiration (T) was 89 and 81% of total ET for wine and table grape, respectively. Brazilian semiarid climate allows 2.5 production cycles per year for vineyards. The yield was in average of 6183 kg ha−1 for two cycles of wine grape and 11,200 kg ha−1 for one short growing season of table grape, corresponding to a bio-physical water productivity per unit ET of 1.06 kg m−3 (or 1.02 L wine m−3) and 3.18 kg m−3, respectively. Table grape showed a significantly higher economic water productivity (US$ 6.51 m−3) than wine grape (US$ 0.93 m−3). These values are much favorable than for staple crops.

AB - Energy and water balance parameters were measured in two commercial vineyards in the semiarid region of the São Francisco river basin, Brazil. Actual evapotranspiration (ET) was acquired with the Bowen ratio surface energy balance method. The ratio of the latent heat flux to the available energy, or evaporative fraction (EF), was 81% on average for two growing cycles in wine grape and 88% for two growing seasons in table grape. Energy partitioning in this last vineyard was higher due to microsprinkler irrigation conditions and greater soil cover promoted by the overhead horizontal trellis systems. The accumulated ET from pruning to harvest in wine grape was 438 and 517 mm for the first and second growing cycles, respectively. Table grape consumed less water than wine grape (393 and 352 mm for the first and second growing seasons, respectively) due to shorter crop stages. Beneficial transpiration (T) was 89 and 81% of total ET for wine and table grape, respectively. Brazilian semiarid climate allows 2.5 production cycles per year for vineyards. The yield was in average of 6183 kg ha−1 for two cycles of wine grape and 11,200 kg ha−1 for one short growing season of table grape, corresponding to a bio-physical water productivity per unit ET of 1.06 kg m−3 (or 1.02 L wine m−3) and 3.18 kg m−3, respectively. Table grape showed a significantly higher economic water productivity (US$ 6.51 m−3) than wine grape (US$ 0.93 m−3). These values are much favorable than for staple crops.

KW - WRS

KW - ADLIB-ART-2607

KW - Vitis vinifera L.

KW - Energy balance

KW - Evapotranspiration

KW - Crop coefficient

KW - Water productivity

KW - Bowen ratio

KW - Evaporative fraction

U2 - 10.1016/j.agwat.2007.08.001

DO - 10.1016/j.agwat.2007.08.001

M3 - Article

VL - 94

SP - 31

EP - 42

JO - Agricultural water management

JF - Agricultural water management

SN - 0378-3774

IS - 1-3

ER -