Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    17 Citations (Scopus)
    83 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Developing motivational technology to support long-term behavior change is a challenge. A solution is to incorporate insights from behavior change theory and design technology to tailor to individual users. We carried out two studies to investigate whether the processes of change, from the Transtheoretical Model, can be effectively represented by motivational text messages. We crowdsourced peer-designed text messages and coded them into categories based on the processes of change. We evaluated whether people perceived messages tailored to their stage of change as motivating. We found that crowdsourcing is an effective method to design motivational messages. Our results indicate that different messages are perceived as motivating depending on the stage of behavior change a person is in. However, while motivational messages related to later stages of change were perceived as motivational for those stages, the motivational messages related to earlier stages of change were not. This indicates that a person’s stage of change may not be the (only) key factor that determines behavior change. More individual factors need to be considered to design effective motivational technology.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages297-308
    Number of pages12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2016
    Event34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016 - San Jose, United States
    Duration: 7 May 201612 May 2016
    Conference number: 34
    https://chi2016.acm.org/wp/

    Conference

    Conference34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016
    Abbreviated titleCHI 2016
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Jose
    Period7/05/1612/05/16
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • EWI-27600
    • behavior change theory
    • exercise adherence
    • Stages of change
    • Transtheoretical Model
    • Processes of change
    • Crowdsourcing
    • Motivational messages
    • IR-104075

    Cite this

    de Vries, R. A. J., Truong, K. P., Kwint, S., Drossaert, C. H. C., & Evers, V. (2016). Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory. 297-308. Paper presented at 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016, San Jose, United States. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858229
    de Vries, R.A.J. ; Truong, Khiet Phuong ; Kwint, Sigrid ; Drossaert, Constance H.C. ; Evers, Vanessa. / Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory. Paper presented at 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016, San Jose, United States.12 p.
    @conference{7f68c847db8f4cba901e20364c2fb63a,
    title = "Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory",
    abstract = "Developing motivational technology to support long-term behavior change is a challenge. A solution is to incorporate insights from behavior change theory and design technology to tailor to individual users. We carried out two studies to investigate whether the processes of change, from the Transtheoretical Model, can be effectively represented by motivational text messages. We crowdsourced peer-designed text messages and coded them into categories based on the processes of change. We evaluated whether people perceived messages tailored to their stage of change as motivating. We found that crowdsourcing is an effective method to design motivational messages. Our results indicate that different messages are perceived as motivating depending on the stage of behavior change a person is in. However, while motivational messages related to later stages of change were perceived as motivational for those stages, the motivational messages related to earlier stages of change were not. This indicates that a person’s stage of change may not be the (only) key factor that determines behavior change. More individual factors need to be considered to design effective motivational technology.",
    keywords = "HMI-HF: Human Factors, EWI-27600, behavior change theory, exercise adherence, Stages of change, Transtheoretical Model, Processes of change, Crowdsourcing, Motivational messages, IR-104075",
    author = "{de Vries}, R.A.J. and Truong, {Khiet Phuong} and Sigrid Kwint and Drossaert, {Constance H.C.} and Vanessa Evers",
    year = "2016",
    month = "5",
    day = "7",
    doi = "10.1145/2858036.2858229",
    language = "Undefined",
    pages = "297--308",
    note = "null ; Conference date: 07-05-2016 Through 12-05-2016",
    url = "https://chi2016.acm.org/wp/",

    }

    de Vries, RAJ, Truong, KP, Kwint, S, Drossaert, CHC & Evers, V 2016, 'Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory' Paper presented at 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016, San Jose, United States, 7/05/16 - 12/05/16, pp. 297-308. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858229

    Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory. / de Vries, R.A.J.; Truong, Khiet Phuong; Kwint, Sigrid; Drossaert, Constance H.C.; Evers, Vanessa.

    2016. 297-308 Paper presented at 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016, San Jose, United States.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory

    AU - de Vries, R.A.J.

    AU - Truong, Khiet Phuong

    AU - Kwint, Sigrid

    AU - Drossaert, Constance H.C.

    AU - Evers, Vanessa

    PY - 2016/5/7

    Y1 - 2016/5/7

    N2 - Developing motivational technology to support long-term behavior change is a challenge. A solution is to incorporate insights from behavior change theory and design technology to tailor to individual users. We carried out two studies to investigate whether the processes of change, from the Transtheoretical Model, can be effectively represented by motivational text messages. We crowdsourced peer-designed text messages and coded them into categories based on the processes of change. We evaluated whether people perceived messages tailored to their stage of change as motivating. We found that crowdsourcing is an effective method to design motivational messages. Our results indicate that different messages are perceived as motivating depending on the stage of behavior change a person is in. However, while motivational messages related to later stages of change were perceived as motivational for those stages, the motivational messages related to earlier stages of change were not. This indicates that a person’s stage of change may not be the (only) key factor that determines behavior change. More individual factors need to be considered to design effective motivational technology.

    AB - Developing motivational technology to support long-term behavior change is a challenge. A solution is to incorporate insights from behavior change theory and design technology to tailor to individual users. We carried out two studies to investigate whether the processes of change, from the Transtheoretical Model, can be effectively represented by motivational text messages. We crowdsourced peer-designed text messages and coded them into categories based on the processes of change. We evaluated whether people perceived messages tailored to their stage of change as motivating. We found that crowdsourcing is an effective method to design motivational messages. Our results indicate that different messages are perceived as motivating depending on the stage of behavior change a person is in. However, while motivational messages related to later stages of change were perceived as motivational for those stages, the motivational messages related to earlier stages of change were not. This indicates that a person’s stage of change may not be the (only) key factor that determines behavior change. More individual factors need to be considered to design effective motivational technology.

    KW - HMI-HF: Human Factors

    KW - EWI-27600

    KW - behavior change theory

    KW - exercise adherence

    KW - Stages of change

    KW - Transtheoretical Model

    KW - Processes of change

    KW - Crowdsourcing

    KW - Motivational messages

    KW - IR-104075

    U2 - 10.1145/2858036.2858229

    DO - 10.1145/2858036.2858229

    M3 - Paper

    SP - 297

    EP - 308

    ER -

    de Vries RAJ, Truong KP, Kwint S, Drossaert CHC, Evers V. Crowd-Designed Motivation: Motivational Messages for Exercise Adherence Based on Behavior Change Theory. 2016. Paper presented at 34th Annual CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2016, San Jose, United States. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858229