Current advances in the fabrication of microneedles for transdermal delivery

Sunaina Indermun, Regina Lüttge, Yahya E. Choonara, Pradeep Kumar, Lisa C. du Toit, Girish Modi, Viness Pillay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

207 Citations (Scopus)


The transdermal route is an excellent site for drug delivery due to the avoidance of gastric degradation and hepatic metabolism, in addition to easy accessibility. Although offering numerous attractive advantages, many available transdermal systems are not able to deliver drugs and other compounds as desired. The use of hypodermic needles, associated with phobia, pain and accidental needle-sticks has been used to overcome the delivery limitation of macromolecular compounds. The means to overcome the disadvantages of hypodermic needles has led to the development of microneedles for transdermal delivery. However, since the initial stages of microneedle fabrication, recent research has been conducted integrating various fabrication techniques for generating sophisticated microneedle devices for transdermal delivery including progress on their commercialization. A concerted effort has been made within this review to highlight the current advances of microneedles, and to provide an update of pharmaceutical research in the field of microneedle-assisted transdermal drug delivery systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-138
JournalJournal of controlled release
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • IR-96745
  • METIS-311171


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