Cycling strategies of young and older cyclists

Vera E. Bulsink, Hielke Kiewiet, Dorien van de Belt, G. Maarten Bonnema, Bart F.J.M. Koopman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


This study concentrates on the cycling strategies of older cyclists (54–62 year olds) in comparison to young cyclists (20–30 year olds). While cycling in a safe laboratory set-up, controlled lateral perturbations are applied to the rear of the bicycle. Three possible strategies to keep balance are analysed for a young and older aged group: steering, lateral trunk movement and outward knee movement. Older subjects appear to rely more on knee movement as a control mechanism than young subjects. Furthermore, the frequency domain analysis revealed that the older adults need more effort to counteract high frequency perturbations. Increased inter-individual variation for the older adults subject group suggests that this group can be seen as a transition group in terms of physical fitness. This explains their increased risk in single-sided bicycle accidents (i.e. accidents involving the cyclist only). Therefore, older cyclists could benefit from improving the stability of cycling at lower speeds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-195
JournalHuman movement science
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • 2023 OA procedure


Dive into the research topics of 'Cycling strategies of young and older cyclists'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this