Dawn of the Dead(line Misses): Impact of Job Dismiss on the Deadline Miss Rate

Jian-Jia Chen, Mario Günzel, Peter Bella, Georg von der Brüggen, Kuan-Hsun Chen

Research output: Working paperPreprintAcademic

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Occasional deadline misses are acceptable for soft real-time systems. Quantifying probabilistic and deterministic characteristics of deadline misses is therefore essential to ensure that deadline misses indeed happen only occasionally. This is supported by recent research activities on probabilistic worst-case execution time, worst-case deadline failure probability, the maximum number of deadline misses, upper bounds on the deadline miss probability, and the deadline miss rate. This paper focuses on the deadline miss rate of a periodic soft real-time task in the long run. Our model assumes that this soft real-time task has an arbitrary relative deadline and that a job can still be executed after a deadline-miss until a dismiss point. This model generalizes the existing models that either dismiss a job immediately after its deadline miss or never dismiss a job. We provide mathematical notation on the convergence of the deadline miss rate in the long run and essential properties to calculate the deadline miss rate. Specifically, we use a Markov chain to model the execution behavior of a periodic soft real-time task. We present the required ergodicity property to ensure that the deadline miss rate in the long run is described by a stationary distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2024


  • cs.PF


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