DC Electric Metamaterial Behaviour in Tuned Fused Deposition Modelling Prints

Alexander Dijkshoorn*, Thijs Hamstra, Remco G.P. Sanders, Stefano Stramigioli, Gijs Krijnen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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This paper shows the realization of electric metamaterials with Fused Deposition Modelling by tuning the nozzle temperature, bed temperature and extrusion width to achieve anisotropic electrical conduction. The temperatures influence the magnitude of the contact resistance between printed lines, whereas the extrusion width determines the number of contacts per unit length. Electric metamaterials are interesting for sensing, e.g. by concentrating the current to achieve highly sensitive spots. In this work such a concentrator is 3D-printed and its operation is demonstrated through IR thermography and voltage measurements, as well as supported by FEM simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE SENSORS 2021
Subtitle of host publicationConference Proceedings
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-9501-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-9502-5
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2021
EventIEEE SENSORS 2021 - Australia, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 31 Oct 20213 Nov 2021


ConferenceIEEE SENSORS 2021
Internet address


  • 3D-Printing
  • Fused Deposition Modelling
  • Electric Metamaterial
  • Conductive
  • Anisotropy
  • 2023 OA procedure


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