ALS data are essential data sources used to generate digital terrain models (DTM), 3D city models, landscape models and high precision maps. Semantic segmentation aiming to assign every point with a semantic label of ALS point clouds is of importance when generating those 3D products that have multiple categories and ask for detailed object geometry. Motivated by the top performance of deep learning algorithms on scene understanding tasks, this Ph.D. thesis investigates the semantic segmentation of ALS point clouds based on deep learning algorithms. We first explore how to learn representative features from ALS point clouds (Chapter 2). Then we focus on how to reduce the manual labelling efforts to train a deep learning model for semantic segmentation. We investigate active learning (Chapter 3) to select and annotate informative points, and weak supervision (Chapter 4) to annotate only weak labels for the pointwise prediction task.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||7 Sep 2022|
|Place of Publication||Enschede|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|