Many Demand Side Management (DSM) approaches use energy prices as steering signals. This paper shows that such steering signals may result in power quality problems and high losses. As an alternative, this paper proposes to use desired (e.g., flat) power profiles as steering signals and presents an efficient scheduling algorithm that can follow desired power profiles. This paper investigates the complexity of price and profile steering, and presents an algorithm for profile steering.
The evaluation of this algorithm studies the results of a best possible uniform pricing and profile steering for a case of 121 houses, each with an electrical vehicle of which the power consumption can be controlled and shifted in time. In contrast to the other evaluated approaches, our profile steering algorithm results in a much flatter profile and keeps the voltage between 220 V and 235 V at each node. It reduces distribution losses by 57% compared to no control, and by 48% compared to uniform pricing.
|Publisher||IEEE Power & Energy Society|
|Conference||IEEE PowerTech 2015|
|Period||29/06/15 → 2/07/15|