Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks

E.J. Klein, A. Driessen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

2 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The application of optical fibers has led to virtually lossless point to point data links in the core network with practically unlimited bandwidth. In response to increasing bandwidth demands of consumers the optical techniques employed in these networks are now gradually extended towards the consumers premises. At the access network level, where equipment is shared by a few users at the most, cost is the major issue. In addition the demand of optical transparency at the nodes and hubs, excluding conversion between the optical and electrical domains, results in a high degree of complexity of the devices. Fortunately, through the use of flexible WDM bandwidth allocation schemes that provide bandwidth where needed, and cheap mass-produced densely integrated optical components, the cost can be reduced significantly. Promising building blocks in these components are Microring Resonators (MRs) built using high refractive index waveguides which can be used to create densely integrated wavelength filters as well as more complex functionality. In this work we present a 1x4 reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (rOADM) as well as a 1x4x4 reconfigurable wavelength router in variants operating in the second and third telecom window. The devices, which can be used at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s, have a footprint less than 2 mm2 and are based on thermally tunable vertically coupled microring resonators fabricated in the high contrast (Δn≈0.55) Si3N4/SiO2 materials system. In addition to the presented devices a new polarization diversity scheme is proposed that solves the issue of polarization dependence behavior of microring resonators without the need of doubling the optical circuit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages201-201
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2007
Event9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 1 Jul 20075 Jul 2007
Conference number: 9

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007
Abbreviated titleICTON
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period1/07/075/07/07

Fingerprint

resonators
photonics
bandwidth
costs
data links
hubs
footprints
polarization
wavelengths
optical fibers
refractivity
waveguides
filters

Keywords

  • IOMS-PIT: PHOTONICS INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY
  • EWI-11855
  • IR-64607
  • METIS-248365

Cite this

Klein, E. J., & Driessen, A. (2007). Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks. 201-201. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007, Rome, Italy. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTON.2007.4296066
Klein, E.J. ; Driessen, A. / Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007, Rome, Italy.1 p.
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Klein, EJ & Driessen, A 2007, 'Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks' Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007, Rome, Italy, 1/07/07 - 5/07/07, pp. 201-201. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTON.2007.4296066

Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks. / Klein, E.J.; Driessen, A.

2007. 201-201 Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007, Rome, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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N2 - The application of optical fibers has led to virtually lossless point to point data links in the core network with practically unlimited bandwidth. In response to increasing bandwidth demands of consumers the optical techniques employed in these networks are now gradually extended towards the consumers premises. At the access network level, where equipment is shared by a few users at the most, cost is the major issue. In addition the demand of optical transparency at the nodes and hubs, excluding conversion between the optical and electrical domains, results in a high degree of complexity of the devices. Fortunately, through the use of flexible WDM bandwidth allocation schemes that provide bandwidth where needed, and cheap mass-produced densely integrated optical components, the cost can be reduced significantly. Promising building blocks in these components are Microring Resonators (MRs) built using high refractive index waveguides which can be used to create densely integrated wavelength filters as well as more complex functionality. In this work we present a 1x4 reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (rOADM) as well as a 1x4x4 reconfigurable wavelength router in variants operating in the second and third telecom window. The devices, which can be used at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s, have a footprint less than 2 mm2 and are based on thermally tunable vertically coupled microring resonators fabricated in the high contrast (Δn≈0.55) Si3N4/SiO2 materials system. In addition to the presented devices a new polarization diversity scheme is proposed that solves the issue of polarization dependence behavior of microring resonators without the need of doubling the optical circuit.

AB - The application of optical fibers has led to virtually lossless point to point data links in the core network with practically unlimited bandwidth. In response to increasing bandwidth demands of consumers the optical techniques employed in these networks are now gradually extended towards the consumers premises. At the access network level, where equipment is shared by a few users at the most, cost is the major issue. In addition the demand of optical transparency at the nodes and hubs, excluding conversion between the optical and electrical domains, results in a high degree of complexity of the devices. Fortunately, through the use of flexible WDM bandwidth allocation schemes that provide bandwidth where needed, and cheap mass-produced densely integrated optical components, the cost can be reduced significantly. Promising building blocks in these components are Microring Resonators (MRs) built using high refractive index waveguides which can be used to create densely integrated wavelength filters as well as more complex functionality. In this work we present a 1x4 reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (rOADM) as well as a 1x4x4 reconfigurable wavelength router in variants operating in the second and third telecom window. The devices, which can be used at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s, have a footprint less than 2 mm2 and are based on thermally tunable vertically coupled microring resonators fabricated in the high contrast (Δn≈0.55) Si3N4/SiO2 materials system. In addition to the presented devices a new polarization diversity scheme is proposed that solves the issue of polarization dependence behavior of microring resonators without the need of doubling the optical circuit.

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KW - IR-64607

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M3 - Paper

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Klein EJ, Driessen A. Densely Integrated Photonic Devices based on Microring Resonators in Access Networks. 2007. Paper presented at 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2007, Rome, Italy. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTON.2007.4296066