Density-driven Convection Enhanced by an Inclined Boundary: Implications for geological CO2 storage

Peichun A. Tsai, Kathleen Riesing, Howard A. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)
72 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We experimentally examine dissolution-generated, density-driven convection with an inclined boundary in both a Hele-Shaw cell and in a porous medium. The convection, manifested by descending, dense fingers, is generated by a diffusive mixing of two liquids at the interface. We investigate the dynamics, widths, and wavelengths of the fingers and characterize the global convective transport for a wide range of permeabilities and tilt angles of the boundaries. Our results have implications for CO2 storage in a saline aquifer when brine saturated with CO2 produces a heavier mixture, which may result in an enhanced mass transfer by convection. Our measurements reveal a further enhancement of convection with inclined boundaries, which suggests that sloping formations provide improved sites for CO2 storage.
Original languageEnglish
Article number011003
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review E: Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • METIS-295859
  • IR-85552

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