Deploying music characteristics for an affective music player

Marjolein D. van der Zwaag, Joyce H.D.M. Westerink, Egon L. van den Broek

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)
    4 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper describes work toward an affective music player (AMP), which is able to direct affect to a goal state by selecting music. Repeatedly, music has been shown to modulate affect; however, precise guidelines for the use of music characteristics in an AMP have not been defined. To explore these, we investigated the influence of music characteristics on 32 participants who listened to 16 songs, testing effects of tempo (slow/high), mode (minor/major), and percussiveness (low/high). Subjective measures of affect (i.e., arousal, tension, and positive and negative valence) and physiology (i.e., skin conductance level, skin conductance responses, and heart rate variability) were measured during listening. Results show main and interaction effects of music characteristics on both subjective affect and physiology, implying that the characteristics are mutually dependent in modulating affect. Based on these results, guidelines are presented for AMPs, which can effectively direct affect through music.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Affective Computing & Intelligent Interaction (ACII)
    EditorsJeffrey Cohn, Anton Nijholt, Maja Pantic
    Place of PublicationLos Alamitos, NJ
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-4800-5
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2009
    Event3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, ACII 2009 - Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Duration: 10 Sep 200912 Sep 2009
    Conference number: 3


    Conference3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, ACII 2009
    Abbreviated titleACII


    • IR-73173
    • METIS-260076
    • MUSIC
    • Affective music player (AMP)
    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • EWI-18396
    • psychophysiology
    • Emotion


    Dive into the research topics of 'Deploying music characteristics for an affective music player'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this