Deposition and electrical properties of thin porous ceramic electrode layers for SOFC application

L.G.J. de Haart, R.A. Kuipers, K.J. de Vries, A.J. Burggraaf

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Abstract

The influence of the microstructure on the electrical properties and polarization behavior of thin porous ceramic electrodelayers used in solid oxide fuel cells has been investigated. Thin layers (2–10 µm) of the cathode materialSr0.15La0.85MnO3 (15SLM) were film coated on YSZ substrates from classified suspensions. Narrow particle-size distributionsin the suspension resulted in close-packed layers with a very homogeneous porosity and pore-size distribution. Thespecific conductivity of the layers decreased significantly with increasing porosity and mean pore size. A specific conductivityof 109 S · cm–1 was obtained at 1000°C for a 2.9 µm thick layer from a suspension with particles in the range 0.10–0.25 µm. The current-overvoltage behavior of the film-coated layers presented in this study did not, however, show anysignificant dependence on the thickness and the microstructure of the porous layers. Overvoltages (eta) at a current densityof 0.1 A/cm2 at 898°C were quite low, i.e., in the range 60–70 mV. In comparison with other studies it is shown that filmcoating improves the microstructure of the ceramic electrode layers, which in turn lowers the cathodic overvoltages forthe oxygen reduction reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1970-1975
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume138
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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