Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation

G.W. Meindersma, C.M. Guijt, A.B. de Haan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology for desalination. Membrane distillation differs from other membrane technologies in that the driving force for desalination is the difference in vapour pressure of water across the membrane, rather than total pressure. The membranes for MD are hydrophobic, which allows water vapour (but not liquid water) to pass. The vapour pressure gradient is created by heating the source water, thereby elevating its vapour pressure. The major energy requirement is for low-grade thermal energy. It is expected that the total costs for drinking water with membrane distillation will be lower than $0.50/m3, even as low as $0.26/m3, depending on the source of the thermal energy required for the evaporation of water through the membrane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-301
JournalDesalination
Volume187
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventIntegrated Concepts in Water Recycling, ICWR 2005 - Wollongong, Australia
Duration: 14 Feb 200517 Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Water recycling
Desalination
distillation
Distillation
desalination
recycling
membrane
Membranes
air
Air
Vapor pressure
vapor pressure
Water
water
Thermal energy
Membrane technology
energy
Steam
Pressure gradient
Potable water

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Water recycling
  • Air gap membrane distillation
  • Water costs

Cite this

Meindersma, G. W., Guijt, C. M., & de Haan, A. B. (2006). Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation. Desalination, 187(1-3), 291-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.088
Meindersma, G.W. ; Guijt, C.M. ; de Haan, A.B. / Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation. In: Desalination. 2006 ; Vol. 187, No. 1-3. pp. 291-301.
@article{6a052b78895746d891d94374d65a550a,
title = "Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation",
abstract = "Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology for desalination. Membrane distillation differs from other membrane technologies in that the driving force for desalination is the difference in vapour pressure of water across the membrane, rather than total pressure. The membranes for MD are hydrophobic, which allows water vapour (but not liquid water) to pass. The vapour pressure gradient is created by heating the source water, thereby elevating its vapour pressure. The major energy requirement is for low-grade thermal energy. It is expected that the total costs for drinking water with membrane distillation will be lower than $0.50/m3, even as low as $0.26/m3, depending on the source of the thermal energy required for the evaporation of water through the membrane.",
keywords = "Desalination, Water recycling, Air gap membrane distillation, Water costs",
author = "G.W. Meindersma and C.M. Guijt and {de Haan}, A.B.",
note = "Presented at the International Conference on Integrated Concepts on Water Recycling, Wollongong, NSW Australia, 14–17 February 2005",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.088",
language = "English",
volume = "187",
pages = "291--301",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

Meindersma, GW, Guijt, CM & de Haan, AB 2006, 'Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation' Desalination, vol. 187, no. 1-3, pp. 291-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.088

Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation. / Meindersma, G.W.; Guijt, C.M.; de Haan, A.B.

In: Desalination, Vol. 187, No. 1-3, 2006, p. 291-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Desalination and Water Recycling by Air Gap Membrane Distillation

AU - Meindersma, G.W.

AU - Guijt, C.M.

AU - de Haan, A.B.

N1 - Presented at the International Conference on Integrated Concepts on Water Recycling, Wollongong, NSW Australia, 14–17 February 2005

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology for desalination. Membrane distillation differs from other membrane technologies in that the driving force for desalination is the difference in vapour pressure of water across the membrane, rather than total pressure. The membranes for MD are hydrophobic, which allows water vapour (but not liquid water) to pass. The vapour pressure gradient is created by heating the source water, thereby elevating its vapour pressure. The major energy requirement is for low-grade thermal energy. It is expected that the total costs for drinking water with membrane distillation will be lower than $0.50/m3, even as low as $0.26/m3, depending on the source of the thermal energy required for the evaporation of water through the membrane.

AB - Membrane distillation (MD) is an emerging technology for desalination. Membrane distillation differs from other membrane technologies in that the driving force for desalination is the difference in vapour pressure of water across the membrane, rather than total pressure. The membranes for MD are hydrophobic, which allows water vapour (but not liquid water) to pass. The vapour pressure gradient is created by heating the source water, thereby elevating its vapour pressure. The major energy requirement is for low-grade thermal energy. It is expected that the total costs for drinking water with membrane distillation will be lower than $0.50/m3, even as low as $0.26/m3, depending on the source of the thermal energy required for the evaporation of water through the membrane.

KW - Desalination

KW - Water recycling

KW - Air gap membrane distillation

KW - Water costs

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.088

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.088

M3 - Article

VL - 187

SP - 291

EP - 301

JO - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

IS - 1-3

ER -