Design and Evaluation of Cooperative Automated Bus Lines

Arie P. van den Beukel*, Marlies E. Waalkens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This study researched pros and cons of cooperative automated busses by means of a simulation model that renders the influence of bus concepts on key parameters, like: travel time, frequency, capacity, energy consumption and costs. Two existing bus routes are taken as base context. The bus concepts consisted of a completely autonomous bus (assumed SAE level 5), a partially automated bus (level 4) and a conventional bus. The results showed that an autonomous bus causes increased travel time for travelers. However, concepts that combine partially automated driving on dedicated lanes with cooperative driving show potential benefits from more frequent operation. Furthermore, the possibility to remain in the bus when waiting for a connection may be experienced as a comfort enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent System Solutions for Auto Mobility and Beyond
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2020
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-65871-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-65870-0
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mobility
ISSN (Print)2196-5544
ISSN (Electronic)2196-5552


  • Automated driving
  • Cooperative platoons
  • Human-machine cooperation
  • Public bus transport


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