Design and implementation of dynamic beam shaping in high power laser processing by means of a Deformable Mirror

Scholte J.L. Bremer*, Ronald G.K.M. Aarts, Gert-Willem R.B.E. Römer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Optimising the laser intensity distribution in high power laser processes, such as laser welding, laser cladding or laser hardening, can be used to tailor the local thermal fields and thermal cycles which, in turn, determine the final process results. Deformable Mirrors allow to dynamically shape the beam profile and previous studies showed their potential. However, only limited flexibility in achievable beam shapes is shown at higher power levels. In addition the relation between desired laser intensity profiles and required mirror surface profiles is nontrivial. In this work the design and implementation of a dynamic beam shaping system, capable of handling high laser powers (up to 1 kW), is presented and evaluated. To that end, several distinctly different laser intensity profiles are defined, corresponding mirror surfaces are determined and realised with the beam shaping system. Measurements of the laser intensity profiles were compared with laser intensity profiles simulated using a previously presented mathematical framework and showed a good agreement. From the measurements it was concluded that the setup is suitable for high laser powers (up to 1 kW) and is characterised by large depth of focus (<14% change in dimensions at a distance of 100 mm from the focal plane).

Original languageEnglish
Article number111066
Number of pages12
JournalOptics & Laser Technology
Volume177
Early online date7 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 7 May 2024

Keywords

  • Beam shaping
  • Deformable mirror
  • High power
  • Laser material processing
  • UT-Hybrid-D

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