Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterOther research output

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

For people with severe muscle weakness or paresis in the trunk and neck muscles, adequate head support is required. Although several assistive devices exist that can support a person’s head position, there is an absence of devices that are capable to support head movements in a natural and safe way. The large individual variation between users requires an individual match between user and assistive device. From initial market research it can be concluded that there is a need for assistive devices that provide dynamic adjustability by combining changes in position of the trunk and head with continuous stabilization. Within the project, the main objectives were to characterize this need for support, and to develop a first proof-of-concept of a dynamic and adaptive head support.

Position control was implemented on an actuated head support system with four degrees of freedom (e.g. three translations and one rotation in flexion-extension), using a six degree-of-freedom force sensor as a joystick interface. For the current control method, manipulation of the joystick results in the head support following part of the natural flexion-extension motion of the head, coupling multiple degrees of freedom of the actuated system. Additionally, the system can autonomously adapt the head support position according to the back seat angle of the electric wheelchair, to compensate for changes in posture relative to the wheelchair seat caused by changing seat settings.

Initial functional testing shows that the current prototype matches the majority of the requirements set in the design phase. Compared to current solutions, the presented system can steer the head support position in 3D in a more efficient and natural way. Therefore, it can be concluded that the redesigned system is a promising first step in the development of a new generation of dynamic and adaptive head supports that are intelligent enough to autonomously personalize their behavior to the user.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019
Event7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019 - Hotel Zuiderduin, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands
Duration: 24 Jan 201925 Jan 2019
Conference number: 7
https://www.bme2019.nl/

Conference

Conference7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019
Abbreviated titleBME
CountryNetherlands
CityEgmond aan zee
Period24/01/1925/01/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Seats
Wheelchairs
Muscle
Position control
Degrees of freedom (mechanics)
Electric current control
Stabilization
Sensors
Testing

Cite this

Geers, A. M., Groenland, P. C. M., Bergsma, A., & Koopman, B. F. J. M. (2019). Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support. Poster session presented at 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands.
Geers, Anoek M. ; Groenland, Paul C.M. ; Bergsma, Arjen ; Koopman, Bart F.J.M. / Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support. Poster session presented at 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands.
@conference{26964fbdac5b42ada2377f1a1fae2b38,
title = "Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support",
abstract = "For people with severe muscle weakness or paresis in the trunk and neck muscles, adequate head support is required. Although several assistive devices exist that can support a person’s head position, there is an absence of devices that are capable to support head movements in a natural and safe way. The large individual variation between users requires an individual match between user and assistive device. From initial market research it can be concluded that there is a need for assistive devices that provide dynamic adjustability by combining changes in position of the trunk and head with continuous stabilization. Within the project, the main objectives were to characterize this need for support, and to develop a first proof-of-concept of a dynamic and adaptive head support.Position control was implemented on an actuated head support system with four degrees of freedom (e.g. three translations and one rotation in flexion-extension), using a six degree-of-freedom force sensor as a joystick interface. For the current control method, manipulation of the joystick results in the head support following part of the natural flexion-extension motion of the head, coupling multiple degrees of freedom of the actuated system. Additionally, the system can autonomously adapt the head support position according to the back seat angle of the electric wheelchair, to compensate for changes in posture relative to the wheelchair seat caused by changing seat settings.Initial functional testing shows that the current prototype matches the majority of the requirements set in the design phase. Compared to current solutions, the presented system can steer the head support position in 3D in a more efficient and natural way. Therefore, it can be concluded that the redesigned system is a promising first step in the development of a new generation of dynamic and adaptive head supports that are intelligent enough to autonomously personalize their behavior to the user.",
author = "Geers, {Anoek M.} and Groenland, {Paul C.M.} and Arjen Bergsma and Koopman, {Bart F.J.M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "24",
language = "English",
note = "7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, BME ; Conference date: 24-01-2019 Through 25-01-2019",
url = "https://www.bme2019.nl/",

}

Geers, AM, Groenland, PCM, Bergsma, A & Koopman, BFJM 2019, 'Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support' 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands, 24/01/19 - 25/01/19, .

Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support. / Geers, Anoek M.; Groenland, Paul C.M.; Bergsma, Arjen; Koopman, Bart F.J.M.

2019. Poster session presented at 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterOther research output

TY - CONF

T1 - Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support

AU - Geers, Anoek M.

AU - Groenland, Paul C.M.

AU - Bergsma, Arjen

AU - Koopman, Bart F.J.M.

PY - 2019/1/24

Y1 - 2019/1/24

N2 - For people with severe muscle weakness or paresis in the trunk and neck muscles, adequate head support is required. Although several assistive devices exist that can support a person’s head position, there is an absence of devices that are capable to support head movements in a natural and safe way. The large individual variation between users requires an individual match between user and assistive device. From initial market research it can be concluded that there is a need for assistive devices that provide dynamic adjustability by combining changes in position of the trunk and head with continuous stabilization. Within the project, the main objectives were to characterize this need for support, and to develop a first proof-of-concept of a dynamic and adaptive head support.Position control was implemented on an actuated head support system with four degrees of freedom (e.g. three translations and one rotation in flexion-extension), using a six degree-of-freedom force sensor as a joystick interface. For the current control method, manipulation of the joystick results in the head support following part of the natural flexion-extension motion of the head, coupling multiple degrees of freedom of the actuated system. Additionally, the system can autonomously adapt the head support position according to the back seat angle of the electric wheelchair, to compensate for changes in posture relative to the wheelchair seat caused by changing seat settings.Initial functional testing shows that the current prototype matches the majority of the requirements set in the design phase. Compared to current solutions, the presented system can steer the head support position in 3D in a more efficient and natural way. Therefore, it can be concluded that the redesigned system is a promising first step in the development of a new generation of dynamic and adaptive head supports that are intelligent enough to autonomously personalize their behavior to the user.

AB - For people with severe muscle weakness or paresis in the trunk and neck muscles, adequate head support is required. Although several assistive devices exist that can support a person’s head position, there is an absence of devices that are capable to support head movements in a natural and safe way. The large individual variation between users requires an individual match between user and assistive device. From initial market research it can be concluded that there is a need for assistive devices that provide dynamic adjustability by combining changes in position of the trunk and head with continuous stabilization. Within the project, the main objectives were to characterize this need for support, and to develop a first proof-of-concept of a dynamic and adaptive head support.Position control was implemented on an actuated head support system with four degrees of freedom (e.g. three translations and one rotation in flexion-extension), using a six degree-of-freedom force sensor as a joystick interface. For the current control method, manipulation of the joystick results in the head support following part of the natural flexion-extension motion of the head, coupling multiple degrees of freedom of the actuated system. Additionally, the system can autonomously adapt the head support position according to the back seat angle of the electric wheelchair, to compensate for changes in posture relative to the wheelchair seat caused by changing seat settings.Initial functional testing shows that the current prototype matches the majority of the requirements set in the design phase. Compared to current solutions, the presented system can steer the head support position in 3D in a more efficient and natural way. Therefore, it can be concluded that the redesigned system is a promising first step in the development of a new generation of dynamic and adaptive head supports that are intelligent enough to autonomously personalize their behavior to the user.

M3 - Poster

ER -

Geers AM, Groenland PCM, Bergsma A, Koopman BFJM. Design of a dynamic and adaptive head support. 2019. Poster session presented at 7th Dutch Bio-Medical Engineering Conference, BME 2019, Egmond aan zee, Netherlands.