The further development of sub-Saharan Africa is hinged on the possibility of the provision of uninterrupted power supply. Agriculture, education, and the economy in general are greatly affected by the power outage that has become difficult to comprehend. The energy system is inauspicious that only one in five inhabitant has access to electricity. Having electricity is necessary. Having access to clean energy is crucial. For example, a large number of people in Nigeria have electrical generators that release toxic fumes detrimental to the human health. Utilizing clean energy is considered the way of the future and to do that strategically locating the generating plants is important. Therefore, the introduction of solar parks (SPs) as well as solar and wind-assisted parks (SWAPs) on a wide scale is worthy of consideration since it yields an effective way of generating clean energy. This paper presents the application of a location model for SPs and SWAPs from a country’s perspective. In particular, we focus on Nigeria and Ghana. The power supply infrastructure of both countries, as well as the policies surrounding the provision of off-grid energy are analyzed in depth. We present the advantages and disadvantages of two different methods (the grid approach and the problem owner method). We choose a hybrid approach by combining the grid and the problem owner method (POM). We apply the grid method to regions with high population density and utilize the POM for less populated areas. Furthermore, we take into account power plants that are operational or will be so in the near future. In the above fashion we design two separate, capacitated networks of SPs and SWAPs, one for Ghana, one for Nigeria. Each of these is powerful enough to cover—in a sustainable way—the energy requirement of the majority of households by a facility within reasonable distance.
|Journal||International journal of energy and environmental engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|