Background and aims: Current cervical screening programs use cervical cytology and is likely to be replaced by primary hrHPV testing in many Western countries. Cytology has a low sensitivity (50-80%), which is largely improved by hrHPV testing. Due to its lower positive predictive value hrHPV testing requires further triage testing. Analysis of DNA methylation of host cell tumor suppressor genes provides promising triage strategy for hrHPV-positive women. Urine collection is expected to increase the uptake of cervical screening programs, and hrHPV testing in urine appears promising. We performed a feasibility study to detect cervical cancer with DNA methylation testing in urine.
Methods: Cervical scrapes and urine samples were collected from 29 cervical cancer patient and urine from 24 healthy controls. Extracted DNAs were tested for hrHPV presence and DNA methylation of 6 genes which were previously found to enable cervical (pre)cancer detection in cervical scrapes.
Results: A 97% (28/29) concordance was found between hrHPV testing on cervical scrapes and urine samples. DNA methylation levels of all 6 genes were significantly increased in urine samples of cervical cancer patients compared to controls. Receiver operating curve analysis showed a maximum AUC 0.92 (95%CI 0.80-1.0) with 4 out of 6 genes having an AUC>0.86. Moreover, DNA methylation levels in urine were highly correlated to those detected in cervical scrapes of the same patients (Spearmann correlation = 0.83)
Conclusions: DNA methylation testing in urine has a high diagnostic accuracy (up to AUC 0.92) to detect cervical cancer, warranting further exploration of methylation markers for use in urine-based cervical cancer screening programs.
|Title of host publication||16th Biennal Meetin of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society (IGCS)|
|Place of Publication||Philadelphia|
|Publisher||LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS|
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2016|
|Event||16th Biennial Meeting of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society: Uniting the Globe in the Fight Against Gynecologic Cancer - Lisbon, Portugal|
Duration: 29 Oct 2016 → 31 Oct 2016
Conference number: 16th
|Name||Biennial Meeting of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society (IGCS)|
|Publisher||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Conference||16th Biennial Meeting of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society|
|Abbreviated title||IGCS 2016|
|Period||29/10/16 → 31/10/16|