Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics

P. Jia, Y. Nie, G. Song

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shenmingpu Site, located in Henan Province in China, will be a part of the flooded areas during the magnificent South-North Water Transfer Project. According to previous records and land surface investigations, there may be some remains of underground burial so it is urgent to conduct a rescue excavation. Due to a large size of the site, it will cost high expense, substantial labor and time if we totally rely on traditional methods to detect them. Both remote sensing and geophysics are powerful tools for detecting surface and underground archaeological information, especially when they are combined. Remote sensing is useful in large-scale observation and detection when the remains are buried not very deep and make the soil or vegetation covering them different from the surrounding in physical or chemical appearance, which makes discrepant features appear on satellite imageries; geophysics can detect the underground structural compositions of small-scale areas based on the differences of density or resistivity. Multi-temporal CBERS-02 images were used to find the anomaly in the large protected area because the winter wheat planted above underground burial matured later than the surrounding. For the anomalous area on the images, two geophysical prospecting methods, the natural electric field method and high-density resistivity method, were conducted to validate the anomaly. After an in-situ excavation on the chosen anomalous ground, a group of graves including brick-chamber graves and shaft graves were unearthed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics
EditorsY. Liu, A. Chen
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4244- 7302-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

geophysics
electrical resistivity
excavation
remote sensing
anomaly
field method
geophysical method
satellite imagery
shaft
protected area
electric field
land surface
labor
wheat
vegetation
winter
cost
soil
water
method

Cite this

Jia, P., Nie, Y., & Song, G. (2010). Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics. In Y. Liu, & A. Chen (Eds.), Proceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics (pp. 1-6). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/GEOINFORMATICS.2010.5568129
Jia, P. ; Nie, Y. ; Song, G. / Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics. Proceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics. editor / Y. Liu ; A. Chen. IEEE, 2010. pp. 1-6
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abstract = "Shenmingpu Site, located in Henan Province in China, will be a part of the flooded areas during the magnificent South-North Water Transfer Project. According to previous records and land surface investigations, there may be some remains of underground burial so it is urgent to conduct a rescue excavation. Due to a large size of the site, it will cost high expense, substantial labor and time if we totally rely on traditional methods to detect them. Both remote sensing and geophysics are powerful tools for detecting surface and underground archaeological information, especially when they are combined. Remote sensing is useful in large-scale observation and detection when the remains are buried not very deep and make the soil or vegetation covering them different from the surrounding in physical or chemical appearance, which makes discrepant features appear on satellite imageries; geophysics can detect the underground structural compositions of small-scale areas based on the differences of density or resistivity. Multi-temporal CBERS-02 images were used to find the anomaly in the large protected area because the winter wheat planted above underground burial matured later than the surrounding. For the anomalous area on the images, two geophysical prospecting methods, the natural electric field method and high-density resistivity method, were conducted to validate the anomaly. After an in-situ excavation on the chosen anomalous ground, a group of graves including brick-chamber graves and shaft graves were unearthed.",
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Jia, P, Nie, Y & Song, G 2010, Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics. in Y Liu & A Chen (eds), Proceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics. IEEE, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1109/GEOINFORMATICS.2010.5568129

Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics. / Jia, P.; Nie, Y.; Song, G.

Proceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics. ed. / Y. Liu; A. Chen. IEEE, 2010. p. 1-6.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Jia P, Nie Y, Song G. Detection of underground remains by remote sensing and geophysics. In Liu Y, Chen A, editors, Proceedings of The IEEE - 2010 International Conference on Geo-Informatics. IEEE. 2010. p. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/GEOINFORMATICS.2010.5568129