Determinants of 21st-century digital skills: A systematic literature review

Ester van Laar*, Alexander J.A.M. van Deursen, Jan A.G.M. van Dijk, Jos de Haan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This study brings attention to determinants of 21st-century digital skills and captures and organize past academic literature. The following skills are investigated: technical, information, communication, collaboration, critical thinking, creativity, and problem solving. The aim is to provide a comprehensive overview of the individual determinants of these skills. Research has started to measure the differences in skill level. However, since the inconsistency in terms and dimensions of skills that have been described, it is still unclear which are significant determinants. A systematic literature review is conducted to synthesize all relevant academic literature concerned with 21st-century skills determinants. The results show a lack of research concerning communication and collaboration skills. The primary focus is on technical skills. Furthermore,research is encouraged to give increasing attention to the determinants that an individual can manage such as participation in training or asking for support.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2018
Event68th Annual International Communication Association Conference 2018: Voices - Hilton Prague Hotel, Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 24 May 201828 May 2018
Conference number: 68


Conference68th Annual International Communication Association Conference 2018
Abbreviated titleICA 2018
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
OtherEvent Digital Divide Research: Digital Skills and Beyond


Dive into the research topics of 'Determinants of 21st-century digital skills: A systematic literature review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this